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Week 11 Lecture Note

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In-class assignment answers: 1. Population growth is one of the key concepts in population geography and demography. Which one of the following statements describes unambiguously negative population growth: None of the above. 2. Which statement describes best the process that leads to rectangularization in population pyramids? A decrease in fertility rates over a long period of time, in combination with a decrease in infant mortality rates as well as an improvement in overall health-care provision 3. Macro-economic theories of migration are one dominant set of theories that try to explain migration, and they are widely criticised. Which of the following is not a valid criticism of these theories? Regional wage differentials are not taken into account by macro-economic theories 4. Which set of provinces and territories experienced higher amount of net out- migration than of net immigration in the given years, i.e. which provinces and territories experienced a population loss due to migration? Yukon (1999), Saskatchewan (1999) and Newfoundland & Labrador (1999) 5. Migration appears in many different forms, form permanent neighbourhood moves and international seasonal labour migration, to short-term leisure-induced migration. Transhumance is another form of migration. Select the statement that describes best this term. Transhumance is a form of migration in which people drive their livestock seasonally over relatively short distances, and return to their permanent settlement every year. 6. What do population geographers and demographers mean by the term demographic windfall effect? The delayed decrease of fertility rates in the demographic transition leads to an advantageous situation in which a country has a huge labour force while not having to take care for too many elderly persons or children. 7. Transnationalism is a concept that confounds what researchers once believed to be a clear difference between immigration and emigration. Based on the assigned article by Ryan et al. (2009) on family strategies and the transnational migration of recent Polish migrants in London, which of the family strategies was not found among the migrants interviewed? Flexible family arrangements, in which one family member frequently goes back and forth between Poland and London. 8. The United Nations differentiates the category of forced migrants into refugees and internally displaced persons. These two sub-categories receive different treatment by UN member states. Which of the following forms of international support is granted to both categories? There is no international support that is granted to both sub-categories.
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