Class Notes (922,989)
CA (543,034)
UTSC (32,990)
Geography (721)
GGRA02H3 (122)
Lecture

lecture 3

2 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRA02H3
Professor
Michael Bunce

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Scale
- everything happens through a scale (an hierarchy of scales - individual to
universal, beyond earth)
- Relationships at all of these scales
- things are all happening at the same time at different scales - what are the
connections between these processes @ regional, national, local scale
-
spatial scale
- label people culturally [(from Africa
Æ
African) differences between north and
south, or within the country - many differences]
- language
- world of economy
Maps and spatial imaging
Spatial interaction
- flows of goods, services, information, people across space
Convergence of time and space: shrinking distance
- increase in spatial interaction has occurred with improvements in technology
- spatial interaction is the most significant concept in understanding globalization
- increasing speeds
- global and local, person and global - instantaneous and brings/makes the world so
small so time & space is absolute
Æ
communication of information and the communication of ideas, communication of
technology, communication of wealth -- overcome space
Locations of activities
- spatial distribution of activities, population, resources
- proximity and distance (global and local)
- why are things where they are ?
- where? What? Why? How? For whom?
- Hamilton (main industry: steel), geographic location for transportation at lowest
cost - growing economic region - export for finished products - for economy in
Ontario/workers
Human-environment relations
- physical environment as a resource AND constraint
- global scale processes as environmental problems
-
environmental determinism
- end of 19th century in German geography - all
human activity, all differences between cultures/way land is used can be determined
by climate
- natural environment dominates human decision making/activites/behaviour
- certain environments make certain things possible
- complex relationship between humans and the
rest of nature
Æ
mother nature - gives you feeling that you should look after
- human beings are above nature - have a right to exploit it, ability to control it - as
we are advanced species
Relational thinking
- spatial relationships between places at different scales
- how we think about the rest of the world
- how we think about our place in the world
Jackson
- place is humanized space made real through human habitation.
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Description
Scale - everything happens throu gh a scale (an hierarc hy of scales - individual to universal, beyond eart h) - Relationships at all of these scales - things are all happening at the same time at different scales - wha t are the connections between these processes @ regional, national, local scale - sp atial sc ale - label people culturally [(from Africa African) differences between north and south, or within the country - many differences] - language - world of econom y Maps and sp atial im aging Spatial intera ction - flows of goods, services, inform ation, people acros s space Convergence of tim e and sp ace: shri nki ng dist ance - increase in spatial interac tion has occurre d with improv ements in technology - spa tial interaction is the most significant concept in understanding globalization - increasing spe eds - global and local, person and global - instantaneous and brings makes the world so small so time & spa ce is abso lute com munication of inform ation and the com munication of ideas, com munication of technology, comm uni cation of wealth -- overcome spa ce Locations of activities - spatial distribution of activities, population, resources - prox imity and distance (global and local) - why are things whe re they are ? -
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