lecture 3

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Published on 2 Nov 2010
School
UTSC
Department
Geography
Course
GGRA02H3
Professor
Scale
- everything happens through a scale (an hierarchy of scales - individual to
universal, beyond earth)
- Relationships at all of these scales
- things are all happening at the same time at different scales - what are the
connections between these processes @ regional, national, local scale
-
spatial scale
- label people culturally [(from Africa
Æ
African) differences between north and
south, or within the country - many differences]
- language
- world of economy
Maps and spatial imaging
Spatial interaction
- flows of goods, services, information, people across space
Convergence of time and space: shrinking distance
- increase in spatial interaction has occurred with improvements in technology
- spatial interaction is the most significant concept in understanding globalization
- increasing speeds
- global and local, person and global - instantaneous and brings/makes the world so
small so time & space is absolute
Æ
communication of information and the communication of ideas, communication of
technology, communication of wealth -- overcome space
Locations of activities
- spatial distribution of activities, population, resources
- proximity and distance (global and local)
- why are things where they are ?
- where? What? Why? How? For whom?
- Hamilton (main industry: steel), geographic location for transportation at lowest
cost - growing economic region - export for finished products - for economy in
Ontario/workers
Human-environment relations
- physical environment as a resource AND constraint
- global scale processes as environmental problems
-
environmental determinism
- end of 19th century in German geography - all
human activity, all differences between cultures/way land is used can be determined
by climate
- natural environment dominates human decision making/activites/behaviour
- certain environments make certain things possible
- complex relationship between humans and the
rest of nature
Æ
mother nature - gives you feeling that you should look after
- human beings are above nature - have a right to exploit it, ability to control it - as
we are advanced species
Relational thinking
- spatial relationships between places at different scales
- how we think about the rest of the world
- how we think about our place in the world
Jackson
- place is humanized space made real through human habitation.
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Document Summary

Scale - everything happens through a scale (an hierarchy of scales - individual to universal, beyond earth) Things are all happening at the same time at different scales - what are the connections between these processes @ regional, national, local scale. Label people culturally [ (from africa  african) differences between north and south, or within the country - many differences] Spatial interaction - flows of goods, services, information, people across space. Increase in spatial interaction has occurred with improvements in technology. Spatial interaction is the most significant concept in understanding globalization. Global and local, person and global - instantaneous and brings/makes the world so small so time & space is absolute.  communication of information and the communication of ideas, communication of technology, communication of wealth -- overcome space. Hamilton (main industry: steel), geographic location for transportation at lowest cost - growing economic region - export for finished products - for economy in.