35 views3 pages
2 Nov 2010
School
Department
Course
Professor
L08
- broad distribution of wealth, investment in infrastructure, improvements for all
-
sustainable development
Issues to consider
- development of gender equality
- women vs. men
- role of resource endowments and technology
- pathways to development
- core-periphery relations
- highly dependent on those with wealth/capital/technological innovations
- how well connected as a country to the core
Development Theories:
- modernization theory: Western, industrial development model
- conditions for development are not always present
- China and India do not have empires
- dependency theory: periphery (Third World, less developed countries, the South)
exploited by and dependent on the core
- LDC never going to develop up to the level of living to the more developed
- dependent on where the capital/economic power/resources are
- community-based, sustainable development
- think geographically about scale and place
- get communities involved in their own development
- rejects modernization and dependency
Uneven development
- problem with core-periphery concept, Third World and arbitrariness of North-South
divide: the idea of two distinct worlds, developed and less-developed, rich and poor
- First World: Capitalist countries
- Second World: Communist countries
- Third World: Non-aligned countries
Æ
extended to countries that were less developed
- North/South - North-South Institute formed to study uneven
development - southern hemisphere
- two distinct worlds, not recognizing that it is a much more complex pattern
- based on neo-colonial attitudes and Western meanings of development
- former countries will forevermore be dependent on the North/core
- outdated because of globalization
- patterns are shifting, blended instead of a clear distinction
- development (growth) occurs wherever investment yields highest returns
- capital is invested unevenly in time and space
- companies move when costs start to go up
- flexibility of the system on a global scale causes frequent shifts in locations of
economic activities
- US is declining as a major power of economic activity
Will globalization reduce inequities
?
- trickle down effect -- global corporate capitalism not global capitalism
- few organizations controlling the whole thing
- economic benefits goes up from the poor to the richer companies
- entrenched uneven development
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Document Summary

Highly dependent on those with wealth/capital/ technological innovations. How well connected as a country to the core. Conditions for development are not always present. China and india do not have empires. Ldc never going to develop up to the level of living to the more developed. Dependent on where the capital/ economic power/resources are. Get communities involved in their own development. Broad distribution of wealth, investment in infrastructure, improvements for all. Dependency theory: periphery (third world, less developed countries, the south) exploited by and dependent on the core. Problem with core-periphery concept, third world and arbitrariness of north-south divide: the idea of two distinct worlds, developed and less-developed, rich and poor. Two distinct worlds, not recognizing that it is a much more complex pattern. Based on neo-colonial attitudes and western meanings of development. Development (growth) occurs wherever investment yields highest returns. Capital is invested unevenly in time and space.

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