Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSC (30,000)
Geography (700)
GGRA02H3 (100)
Lecture 10

lecture 10

Course Code
Michael Bunce

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
- internet -- blocked access is a limiting factor to globalization/voicing opinions
- hybridization: cultural mixing
- Americanization/Westernization -- contra flows
- enrichment of cultural experience rather than an impoverishment of culture
- adds something new
- global versus local
- transnationalism -- people no longer have roots in one country due to migration
lives cut across residence in one country
extends to cultural world
- cultural globalization [via internet]
global culture
- unevenness of access to and consumption of global popular culture
- local-global; traditional-modern culture
- cell phones, modes of transmission
- persistence of different cultural experiences and meanings
- traditional ways, local lifestyles
- strengths of beliefs, customs, traditions, and heritage
- how uneven access to it is, how traditional-modern can coexist, whether
persistence coexists, and how strong they are attached to heritage
- resistance to global culture
- China -- allowing MNCs however restricting/limiting access
The New World Order
- fall of communism, spread of Western market system
- why is an understanding of geopolitics so important?
- who controls the global agenda and how has this changed global political
- what are the underlying ideologies and contradictions
- the state's power to control space or territory and shape the foreign policy of
individual states and international political relations
- the links and causal relationships between political power and geographic space
- what is the politics of space -- defined by territory
- conquering, guarding over own territory
- state as an organism (Ratzel) -- persuaded Hitler that Germany had some kind of
natural destiny to control the world, spread Aryan race
- global geopolitics as organic relationships between states involving population
growth and territorial expansion
- as population grew, needed more land while they technologically improved
key elements of global political geography
- boundaries and borders -- demilitarized zone
- political space and territory
- scale: size and extent of countries -- ability to develop economic power
- spatial power: imperialism and colonialism; militarism; neo-colonialism
- Africa -- cutting across old kingdoms, tribal territory
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version