Class Notes (1,000,000)
CA (610,000)
UTSC (30,000)
Geography (700)
GGRA02H3 (100)
Lecture 10

lecture 10


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRA02H3
Professor
Michael Bunce
Lecture
10

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L09
- internet -- blocked access is a limiting factor to globalization/voicing opinions
- hybridization: cultural mixing
- Americanization/Westernization -- contra flows
- enrichment of cultural experience rather than an impoverishment of culture
- adds something new
- global versus local
- transnationalism -- people no longer have roots in one country due to migration
Æ
lives cut across residence in one country
Æ
extends to cultural world
- cultural globalization [via internet]
global culture
- unevenness of access to and consumption of global popular culture
- local-global; traditional-modern culture
- cell phones, modes of transmission
- persistence of different cultural experiences and meanings
- traditional ways, local lifestyles
- strengths of beliefs, customs, traditions, and heritage
- how uneven access to it is, how traditional-modern can coexist, whether
persistence coexists, and how strong they are attached to heritage
- resistance to global culture
- China -- allowing MNCs however restricting/limiting access
The New World Order
- fall of communism, spread of Western market system
- why is an understanding of geopolitics so important?
- who controls the global agenda and how has this changed global political
geogropahy?
- what are the underlying ideologies and contradictions
- the state's power to control space or territory and shape the foreign policy of
individual states and international political relations
OR
- the links and causal relationships between political power and geographic space
- what is the politics of space -- defined by territory
- conquering, guarding over own territory
- state as an organism (Ratzel) -- persuaded Hitler that Germany had some kind of
natural destiny to control the world, spread Aryan race
- global geopolitics as organic relationships between states involving population
growth and territorial expansion
- as population grew, needed more land while they technologically improved
key elements of global political geography
- boundaries and borders -- demilitarized zone
- political space and territory
- scale: size and extent of countries -- ability to develop economic power
- spatial power: imperialism and colonialism; militarism; neo-colonialism
- Africa -- cutting across old kingdoms, tribal territory
www.notesolution.com
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