GGRA02 : The changing global context ( lec 3) 25/01/11
The expansionist civilization:
Greek and roman empires:
Long distance explorations
( so basically a new expansion of spatial areas)
Innovation and trade( you can incorporate it into agriculture: but it also
involves a major factor in a global scale: n that is war)
War and conquest () the building of empires the roman empire for
example... cud only e achived from fiting other peoples)
So Romans controlled a large empire:
Mapping: ->rapid rising of mapping new territory( they used stars to map
Knowing location: and where things were important for global change
Land clearance and irrigation: human activity and environment is also a
part of these phenomena: the Romans occupied most of the meditaraian
rim.. They built huge irrigation works, in order to increase their supply in
food (grains) so they had to clear the lands of forest which they did.
First cities: there were urban settlements: (Athens Rome etc.. but the
spread of these empires increased the number of wealth they had. So urban
civilization became the foundation of subsequent eras of globalization... so
now... mega cities like newyrok... is where everything is done.
Roman Empire: proto globalization: a period before globalization but its and illustration of
what is possible.
Ptolemy’s (AD 90-168) world map-> Greek dude: one of the first geographers: and he
created a map.
7th -13th centuries:
Early global economy based on trade across Asia, Africa and much of Europe.
They developed a kind of empire base on trade then on conquest (they wanted to spread the
religion but not economically)
Chinese people also expanded then it stopped because it wanted to improve trade and etc...
The rise of global capitalism:
There nothing capitalistic about it yet: some capital being generated between these people.
What is capitalism?