Class Notes (922,004)
CA (542,703)
UTSC (32,886)
Geography (721)
GGRA03H3 (139)
Lecture 8

lecture 8

2 Pages
77 Views

Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRA03H3
Professor
Susannah Bunce

This preview shows half of the first page. Sign up to view the full 2 pages of the document.
L08 - Urban Built Form: Smart Growth and Compact Cities
Smart Growth
- 1990s: North American policy model for the establishment of growth management policies
and practices in urban regions
- began in United States but moved to Canada during growth in population
- establishment of urban growth boundaries: greenbelts
- development within existing urban boundaries - bringing people back to cities, away from
the low density lifestyle based on automobiles Æ sustainable
Nodal Development: growth focused around existing urban nodes/centres (concentration
of mixed use: transit, commerce, residences)
- emphasis of already established centres
- public concern about suburban expansion (encroachment on regional agricultural lands -
decrease in rural land -- sustainability and food supply)
Greenfield Development: new residential, commercial, and physical infrastructure
development on formerly agricultural or wilderness lands
- preserving greenfield development = only development was for farmland
- government and private sector concern about economic impacts of sprawled development,
economic limits to urban growth
- correlation between people's commuting pattern and economic production
- regulated uses of suburbanization but incompatible (rural - urban)
- marketing suburban residential development away from cities to live in countryside
- focusing on sustainability to healthier spaces (urban = healthy, away from automobiles)
Places to Grow Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe (Southern Ontario)
- 2000: initiated Smart Growth Plan for Southern Ontario
- inspired by smart growth plans in American cities
- concerned with impacts of traffic congestion of goods shipment
- unless it becomes legislation, it will not be fully implemented and enforced
- guides and manages urban growth in Southern Ontario for the next 30 years (beginning
2005)
key components:
- limit greenfield development
- focus on mixed residential and commercial development in existing urban centres (urban
intensification and nodal development)
- main street development: residential development along major avenues
Æ different living arrangements
- dedicated plan to preserving agricultural/wilderness land - highlands - preserving lands to
ensure accessible drinking water (environmental concerns)
* conformity and regulation
New Urbanism
- planning and design model based on smart growth concept
- model for new residential communities
- Ahwahnee Principles (1991), Congress for the New Urbanism (1993)
1. walkability 6. traditional neighbourhood structure (TOD)
2. connectivity (walking paths, transit)7. high density (living environment, popn)
3. diversity: tenure and income 8. green transportation (walking, bicycle, etc)
4. mixed land use 9. sustainability - energy efficiency
5. good architecture 10. quality of life
- new ways of living in cities, addressing suburbanization
- Planner and Architects: Andres Duany and Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk
- Cornell development, Markham, Ontario - commercial space at street level + residential
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
L08 - Urban Built Form: Smart Growth and Compact Cities Smart Growth - 1990s: North American policy model for the establishment of growth management policies and practices in urban regions - began in United States but moved to Canada during growth in population - establishment of urban growth boundaries: greenbelts - development within existing urban boundaries - bringing people back to cities, away from the low density lifestyle based on automobiles sustainable Nodal Development : growth focused around existing urban nodescentres (concentration of mixed use: transit, commerce, residences) - emphasis of already established centres - public concern about suburban expansion (encroachment on regional agricultural lands - decrease in rural land -- sustainability and food supply) Greenfield Development : new residential, commercial, and physical infrastructure development on formerly agricultural or wilderness lands - preserving greenfield development = only development was for farmland - government and private sector concern about economic impacts of sprawled development, economic limits to urban growth - correlation between peoples commuting pattern and economic production - regulated uses of suburbanization but incompatible (rural - urban) - marketing suburban residential development away from cities to live in countryside - focusing on sustainability to healthier spaces (urban = healthy, away from automobiles) Places to Grow Plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe (Southern Ontario) - 2000: initiated Smart Growth Plan for Southern Ontario - inspired by smart growth
More Less
Unlock Document


Only half of the first page are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit