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Lecture 9

lecture 9

Course Code
Susannah Bunce

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- preliminary research
L09 - Sustainable Urban Planning and Design
urban planning: future ideas and implementable practices for shaping land use and social
processes in cities
3 main fields of urban planning:
1. land use planning: zoning, land development, transportation
- work with preset regulations to decide on land forms of the neighbourhood
- a street is highly regulated
2. social planning: social services, programs, communities
- grew in popularity in 1960s after interest in civil rights, social programming, community
- works with community groups to identify issues with that community & how to solve
- theory in practice in relation to local scale
3. environmental panning: sustainability, ecological restoration, park/green spaces
- think about social and ecological needs in that area
- how to protect but also allow for social uses
- architects and engineers = historical planners, professional schools in 1930s
- planners become more important in relation to suburban expansion to plan more wisely
as suburbanization is based on the separation of land uses
- what the best use of land will be
3 main areas/sites of urban planning:
institutional: government and other public sector organizations
- tangent with public will of decision of city council/aims of politicians
non-governmental: non-profit organizations, community groups, individual citizens
- social planners for community - working for informal committee
- attracts flexible planners to work with private & public interests
private sector: businesses, planning and design firms, developers
- location sites, where demands are/to locate good location
methods of urban planning:
policy: document outlining visions for method of sustainable urban planning; can be a
legislative policy - enforceable by the government & must be implemented in practice
plan: document outlining objectives and strategies for sustainable urban planning
- made step by step for implementation
implementation: the action of providing for and evaluating planning objectives and
strategies: delivering of the policy or plan
Sustainable Urban Planning
- taken down to a tangible form
1. sustainable energy
- mitigate effects of fossil fuel heating and electricity use
- solar energy
- co-generation: heating and cooling provision by water pipes [gradient heating]
- wind energy [first/only urban wind turbine in Toronto by CNE]
- built in 2002 costs 1.2 million, funded by Hydro Toronto & federal government
- 1800 MW/year, energy for 250 homes
- cities do not happen to be able to accumulate a lot of wind, NIMBY, potential
danger for birds
- plan to put Guildwood, Scarborough but community activist to stop as it will 'ruin
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