Lecture Ten

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17 Dec 2010
GGRA03 – Lecture 10
Spatial divisions in the city
- significant special divisions
- designated areas where elites, rulers, etc lived
- differentiated by geography, topography (views, waters, fresh breeze, etc.), physical
environment, accessibility, jobs, subway, amenities
A big thing that happens in the city is the sorting process
- by wealth (social housing, affluent neighbourhoods)
- race, ethnicity
- occupation (fashion district, ppl who worked in the garment industry lived nearby, but now
people are more mobile and live farther away than in the past)
- age (institutional land uses such as schools/universities there will be alot of young singles living
in downtown,
- sexual preference (gay villages for gays/lesbians)
Sorting Process:
- the most powerful sorting process is probably price
- high amenties tend to cost more, such as nearby schools
- nicest places are bought up by wealthier people
- what consequences are there of sorting out different levels of income? The environment
between wealthy and poor, such as better facilities
- wealthy people live there, probably by political power
- those who have wealth and resources will tend to support their area, make sure schools are
funded, etc.
Average Individual Income map of Toronto
- 1970, most of the poor were in the city
- in 2000 the poor has spread to suburbs, middle income has been “squeezed out to outer
suburbs (such as 905 area)
Gentrification, wealthier class buying into poorer areas (outbid poor people at prices they cannot
afford), renovating, and renting out the properties
What does this mean? (the maps)
- Wealth is clearly a powerful factor
- rapid changes over 30 years of social composition
- urban change processes, to change dramatically over 30 years (in Toronto) shows rapid change
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