Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSC (30,000)
Geography (700)
GGRA03H3 (100)
Lecture

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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRA03H3
Professor
Andre Sorensen

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Socio-spatial polarization & environmental racism
Spatial divisions in the city
Cities are spatially differentiated
๎€Geography, topography, accessibility, amenity (green environment)
๎€Key process is sorting of people into different part of the city
๎€Different sorting processes
- Wealth (being able to afford to live in certain neighbourhood)
- Race
- Occupation
- Age
- Sexual preference
* Occupation is less of a sorting process now because people are more mobile
Sorting processes
๎€Price is most powerful sorting process
๎€High amenity areas are more expensive
๎€Wealthy people bid up prices of high amenity spaces
๎€Seen as a normal and natural aspect of property markets
๎€Normalization = invisibility
๎€Huge consequences historically and today
๎€Better facilities are built around high amenity spaces
๎€Rich people will invest in their own community, becomes a self reinforcing
process
๎€Toronto is experiencing the disappearance of the middle class
๎€Poor are getting poorer, and the wealthy has gotten a lot more wealthy
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