You're welcome

59 views4 pages
28 Jan 2011
School
Department
Course

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Urban sprawl, smart growth, path dependence
What the sprawl debate is really about is what kind of environment and city we want to
build. One way is to look at policy from the past, compare what happened with what was
intended.
Urban sprawl
It is a form of urbanization distinguished by leapfrog patterns of development,
commercial strips, low density, separated land uses, automobile dominance, and a
minimum of public open space
Leapfrog pattern is development of housing over undeveloped land
Dispersed development, lower densities than existing urban areas
Development with large areas of single-use development (ex. Only residential spaces)
Automobile dependent development (congestion)
Sprawl has a lot of space, but not public spaces
Why did this new urban form develop?
Growing car ownership
Economic growth, increase in wealth
Urban problems congestion, pollution, housing costs, racism, poor schools
Poor public transit outside of big cities
Emergence of large scale housing industry
Fragmented government
Cheap land
When everybody does sprawl, it becomes a problem
Major arguments against sprawl
High cost (cost for services are more expensive, shift in who pays shift in balance of
private costs and public costs, public costs (schools, roads, hospitals etc), higher
social costs are not developers concern, local government get stuck with the bill)
Car dependence (suburban layout make it difficult to walk, destinations are too far,
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class