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Lecture 10

GGRA03H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Tonne, Sustainable Development, Social Polarization


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRA03H3
Professor
Andre Sorensen
Lecture
10

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Lecture 10 Notes: Socio-spatial Polarization &
Environmental Racism 15-03-2016 14:06:00
Spatial divisions in the city
City space is differentiated by the market
oDifferent places have different prices sorting people out into
different locations
Accessibility
oHow close you are to ttc, road
Amenity
oA really nice place for you to live
Places with lots of parks, good schools
Different sorting processes
By wealth
oRich by places in richer locations in which the poor cant buy
Race and ethnicity
oPartly voluntarily and involuntary
by occupation
othis was back in the day
like there would be streets with all the black smiths
by age
oyoung single people tend to live close to the dt
owhen people got older and married with kids, they would
move out into the suburbs for more space

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sexual preference
oaround church and Wesley
Sorting processes
Places with high amenity levels tend to be more expensive
oPpl with money will compete to be located in these nice places
and thus bid up the price
Most goods are distributed through market processes
Ppl realized that allowing markets to control housing entirely caused
for the housing for the poor to be in really poor conditions
Map 2 (slide 5) 1970
Invention of priority neighbourhoods
It was broken into 5 quintiles for the census tract
oEach census tract was a different income region
The dt regions were generally poorer
Lots of poor people in the center
oIn the 40% : North Toronto
There were huge parks, houses,etc.
The majority of the parts of Toronto were average income
Middle class
Fairly large areas with similar priced houses

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Map 2 (slide 6) 2000
There are very few census tracts that have middle income
oThis doesn’t mean that there aren’t still a middle class
What caused this was a process of socio-spactial polarization
oThe poor people have been pushed out into the suburbs due
to large growth and bc the middle of the city was getting
more expensive
The poor people were being pushed to the places that
are further away from the main city
The center/inner city was close to the subway line
Accessibility
There was a shift of values
Change in Average individual Income, City of Toronto, 1970 to
2005
In city 1
oMost desirable place
oOnly wealthy people can live there
oSorting the wealthy people into a few places
Slide 8 (bar graph)
For the middle class, the census tract drops every single census
The very wealthy increases a little
There are huge increases in the low
there is a jump in the % of the very low
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