GGRB05H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Starbucks, Predatory Lending, Gentrification

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Published on 15 Jun 2012
School
UTSC
Department
Geography
Course
GGRB05H3
GGRB05 Lecture 6: Urban Housing and Residential Location
Final Exam:
August 20, 2011, 9-11am, SW128
Multiple Choice, Short Answer, Critical Analysis
Last Week
- The built form matters, it affects what the city achieves
- Public/Private spaces, where are funds subsidized?
- Connections between transportation and urban form
- Effects of auto dependence and automobility
- Solutions for smart growth and the challenges to retrofitting suburbia
URBAN HOUSING and RESIDENTIAL LOCATION
Reading: Chapter 10 and 11
Some Questions
- How is housing produced?
- How do housing markets work?
- Why do they fail to supply housing for everyone?
- How do neighbourhoods change?
- How does government play a role in the housing markets?
Some Thoughts
- Housing takes up the most amount of raw space
- City centre is significantly smaller than the suburban
- Political economy is how the Government and Private interests work together to produce
society (the relationship)
- Housing tied directly to the economic success or failure of society
Some Context
- Shelter is a basic human need
- Environment matters
- Physical, social, health, is connected to the lack of or poor housing options
- 1/3 of the population in MDRs face challenges in terms of housing (inadequate housing at
market prices)
- Housing is like other commodities exchanged in the free market
- Supply and demand affects prices
- There are successes and failures
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- Government intervention is needed to help provide minimum standards of housing, and is seen
as a public responsibility
Residential Mobility
- Life cycle events
- Your type of housing matters depending on your life style
- Residential relocation is either forced (involuntary) or voluntary
- Forced: demolition, eviction, etc.
- Voluntary:
o Adjustment Housing, neighbourhood, accessibility
o Induced Employment, life cycle
- Political
- Environmental
- It’s a personal choice
- Developed, Undeveloped, urban, suburban, own, rent, etc.
- Most people move by choice
Neighbourhood Change
- Housing is a major land use and it directly impacts the built form
- As housing stock gets older, it has to get updated, renovated, etc.
- Most important reason for relocation is associated with characteristics of housing unit (space,
quality, design, shift from renting to owning, etc.)
- Large areas of North American housing are what we can consider “mature suburbs
- Approaching 40 years old
- Lack of new investments lead to other issues
Major Theoretical Approaches
- 4 main analytical perspectives
- Neoclassical economics and demography
- Socio-political views
- Political economy
- Feminism
- These ongoing processes provide insight to different aspects of housing issues and its changing
processes
Neoclassical Economics and Demography
- Economists analyze housing in terms of supply and demand, which focuses on consumer
demand
- Sellers vs. Buyers
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Document Summary

Ggrb05 lecture 6: urban housing and residential location. The built form matters, it affects what the city achieves. Solutions for smart growth and the challenges to retrofitting suburbia. Housing takes up the most amount of raw space. City centre is significantly smaller than the suburban. Political economy is how the government and private interests work together to produce society (the relationship) Housing tied directly to the economic success or failure of society. Physical, social, health, is connected to the lack of or poor housing options. 1/3 of the population in mdrs face challenges in terms of housing (inadequate housing at market prices) Housing is like other commodities exchanged in the free market. Government intervention is needed to help provide minimum standards of housing, and is seen as a public responsibility. Your type of housing matters depending on your life style. Residential relocation is either forced (involuntary) or voluntary. Voluntary: adjustment housing, neighbourhood, accessibility, induced employment, life cycle.

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