GGRB05H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Complete Streets, Ernest Burgess, New Urbanism
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GGRB05 – Lecture 7
Planning and Land Use
Review from Last Week
- How is housing produced?
- How do housing markets work?
- Why do they fail to supply housing for everyone?
- How do neighbourhoods change?
- How does government play a role in the housing market?
- Land is a “fictitious” capital
- It is scarce, and a large portion of the city focuses on land for housing
- The amount of rentals affect supply of housing for everyone, it can fail or succeed
- Chapters 8 and 9
- Urban Planning
- Urban Morphology
- Descriptive Models
- Major Urban Actors
- Growth Coalitions
City Planning: Goals
- Managing co-existence within different types of spaces
- Creating and maintaining place qualities
- It attempts to setup and protect norms
- It is not just space; it is a place that matters
- Public and Private Spaces
- Provide for neglected needs
- Protecting threatened values and heritages
- Defining ground rules for public spaces
- Mediating conflicts in public spaces
City Planning: Core Values
- Protect the “commons” (people with common income bracket)
Ex. Tragedy of the Commons, derived from UK, if there is a common pasture for people to
graze their sheep, then if one person abuses the resource then it affects everyone
- Empower people to make them a part of the decision-making process, and how the city forms
(transparency throughout decision-making process)
- Everybody wants to live in a liveable and equitable city, something “worth protecting”
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- High competence in both the arts and sciences
- Building cities that are liveable and equitable
- In order to understand cities we need to understand how they are planned
- In order to understand planning, we have to understand humans
- If we don’t plan them properly, we end up with something like Detroit
- The goals and core values of planning seem like common sense
- Despite this reality, we are humans!
- Politics is everywhere the personal is political
- There are deep fractures in our belief and understanding on who should be responsible
Ex. The role and amount of government intervention in both planning and taxation
- Urban areas are influenced in terms of development
- Planning aims to address and manage urban change
- To achieve the common good
- The level of government and its responsibility for planning differs from one state to another
- There are many things to consider and balance
City Planning: History
- Cities in the 19th and early 20th century were different
- Scary, dirty, industrialized
- Social polarization
- Degrading natural areas
- Expanding slums
- Political strife
- Epidemics, violence
- City planning developed as an attempt to manage urban change in the industrialized city
- Government intervention was seen as the answer
- The public must play a role if they are the ones who have a vested interest
- Who’s common good is contested and debated? Government, civil society, or business?
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