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Lecture 10

GGRB05H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Natural Capital, Earth Overshoot Day, Ontario Food Terminal


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRB05H3
Professor
Denisse Macaraig
Lecture
10

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GGRB05 Lecture 10
Urban Greenspaces and Sustainability
Objectives
- Textbook Reading Chapters 19 and 30
- What are greenspaces?
- A cities context
- Why greenspace matters?
- Urban liveability
- Sustainability
- A cities paradox
Political Ecology
Political Economy the relationship between politics (government) and businesses (private
sector)
- If there is a political economy, then there is a political ecology
Political Ecology the relationship between government (politics) and nature (environment)
- A cultural geography that studies human-environment relationships through the relationships of
patterns of resource use to political and economic forces
Nature
- The social construction of nature
- Contingent on a variety of factors
- Space and place
- History
- Temporal
- Real and perceived
Greenspaces
- Broad definition that varies in scope
Greenfields
Greenlands
Greenways
Agricultural lands
Gardens
Neighbourhood parks
Protected areas (national, provincial, local)
Wildlands
Urban or rural
Small or large
- There are official, jurisdictional, political, social and cultural aspects tied to greenspaces

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Greenspaces: Places
- Edward Osborne Wilson (1929 - )
- American biologist
- Biophilia (1984)
- Humans as a consequence of evolution have the innate tendency to focus life and life-life
processes
- People are drawn to nature, bound to living things
- It is inscribed in the brain itself expressing out evolutionary experience
Recreation and Leisure
- Sports
- Tourism
- Free time
- The time available to an individual when the basic disciplines of work, sleep, and other basic
needs have been met
Benefits of Recreation
- The attainment of a desired condition, an improved condition, and/or the prevention of an
unwanted condition
- Personal
- Physical/mental
- Social
- Strengthening of relationships
- Economic
- Increased productivity, reduced health costs
- The majority of Canada’s population live in cities (80%)
Restorative Effects
- Relationship with nature
- Escape from social/physical pressures
- Achievement/challenge/exploration
- Autonomy/independence/freedom
- Personal reflection/recollection
- Risk-taking/action/excitement
- Family togetherness
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