Lecture notes for lecture 6 of the course

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16 Jun 2011

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Lecture 6
HIV/AIDS primer
HIV/AIDS is a Global Crisis
Global estimates
Of the new HIV infections (7000/day)
o97% are in low- and middle-income countries
oAbout 1000 are <15 years old
oOf the 6000 adults (>15 years old)
Almost 51% = women
About 41% = between the ages of 15-24
Background to the Global Spread of AIDS
Disputes over the origins’ of AIDS
oGenerally accepted that HIV comes from SIV
oHow it is transmitted to humans is disputed
First cases in the West in LA/SF among gay men
Rapidly emerged globally, but with very uneven geography (focuses in some areas
more than others)
Key Features of HIV/AIDS in Canada
Predominantly MSM (male-to-male relationships)
Steady rise of transmissions through heterosexual sex
Aboriginal people in Canada represent 3.3% of the population and yet aboriginal
people accounted for 10% of all the AIDS cases (because there is a lot of issues in
their community, they live in geographically isolated areas, more likely to suffer
from lower education, higher unemployment, higher crime rates, etc.)
An Issue of Human Rights
All humans, including those infected with and vulnerable to HIV/AIDS have the
right to:
oHealth: including treatment, support and care
oFood: nutritious and sustainable food sources, clean water
oEducation: including primary education and access to information about HIV
and AIDS
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