GGRB28H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Physical Therapy

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20 Jun 2011
Lecture 5
Definitions of Migration
Permanent or semi-permanent change of residence of either an individual or a group of
Movement of people across community/city/country lines for the purpose of establishing a new
place of residence
Migratory influences:
oPull factors: lower taxes, job opportunities, better standards of living, climate, family,
education, safety, health care (better/more affordable)
oPush factors: war, poverty, (social and/or physical) environment, forced
Characterizing Migration
Voluntary/forced (forced migration is not only force by people, may be force by environment,
natural disasters, etc.)
Characteristics of those who do the migrating?
Short distances/inter-regional/international
Impact of Migration on Health
Migration and stress
oElliot and Gille (1998) South Asian Fijian womens experiences with migration
Women tend to have a different migration experience than men because of
gender roles
oSundquist and Johannson (1997) Self-reported long-term illness in Sweden – comparing
foreign born to indigenous born
People who are born outside of their current country, were twice as more likely to
need medical attention than those born in the country
oBollini and Siem (1995) immigrants and native-born occupational accident rates
People who had immigrated were more likely to be working in higher risk jobs
oUgalde (1997) Agricultural labour migrants to Spain and exposure to pesticides
These migrants had almost double the exposure
Migration and Stress
Economic stability of those left behind
Characteristics of those left behind
In- or out-migration impacts
Health Impacts of Refugee Displacement
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