Class Notes (920,614)
CA (542,313)
UTSC (32,877)
Geography (721)
GGRB28H3 (121)
Lecture

Notes

7 Pages
90 Views

Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRB28H3
Professor
Mark Hunter

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
GGRB28
GLOBALIZATION AND HEALTH: ARE WE ENTERING A NEW ERA OF DISEASE
LECTURE 2
Globalization:
Greater connection between people and places, rising inequalities and increasing diseases.
Globalization is a very prominent word in todays world. It has been used especially since the
1980s to capture a series of economic, political, and social changes.
It is also widely used to discuss health. For instance global health is a term that is very
common when talking about health issues that cross a number of boundaries.
Globalization is a controversial term. It describes a more interconnected world. But debates
over whether newness is exaggerated.
Globalization is a significant break from decades of progress.
The idea that globalization is pushing us into a new era of disease often gains salience because
of the way that the onset of new diseases are contrasted with decades of progress.
From the 1940s to the 1960s, especially, a successful vaccine for polio and smallpox and the discovery
of antibiotics suggested that infections would be eradicated. The last case of smallpox was in 1977
(first vaccine 1796 when milkmaids who had cowpox did not catch smallpox. The US military now
vaccinated in case of bioterrorism). To some extent, many of us will all have grown up with the idea
that health can be controlled by an individual for instance by not smoking, drinking, or driving
without a seatbelt.
Polio: iron lung snippett
smallpox: pussy lessions on skin.
Vaccine invented in 1955.
www.notesolution.com
In 1900s , in US, the main three causes of death were:
1)TB
2)Punemonia
3)Diaarhoea
In 1970s, the three main causes were:
1)Heart Disease
2)Cancer
3)Stroke
Cohens describes the trend of new emerging diseases is because of:
First, decreases in host susceptibility, as a consequence of better nutrition; antibiotics; better
housing. Antobiotics the most well known of which is penicillin discovered by Fleiming in the
1920s. They were dubbed the magic bullet because they could destroy the bacteria without
damaging the body.
Second, decreases in disease transmission due to: safer food and water, immunizations, and
improved hygiene and sanitation.
But, Cohen notes. Many of these benefits had not reached the Third world. Infectious diseases
caused over 13 million deaths in the Third World. Among the most common causes of
mortality were the three diseases that had been so common in the developed world at the
beginning of the 20th century. pneumonia (3.5 m); diarrhoeal diseases (2.2 m) and TB (1.5
million).
Newly Emerging Diseases:
1) West Nile Virus:
West Nile virus infects birds and humans and is passed on by mosquitoes. First appeared in
the West Nile region of Uganda in 1930s.
It causes flu like symptoms but these can lead to brain inflammation and is mostly found on
the East Coast of North America.
It appeared first in New York in 1999.
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
GGRB28 GLOBALIZATION AND HEALTH: ARE WE ENTERING A NEW ERA OF DISEASE LECTURE 2 Globalization: Greater connection between people and places, rising inequalities and increasing diseases. Globalization is a very prominent word in todays world. It has been used especially since the 1980s to capture a series of economic, political, and social changes. It is also widely used to discuss health. For instance global health is a term that is very common when talking about health issues that cross a number of boundaries. Globalization is a controversial term. It describes a more interconnected world. But debates over whether newness is exaggerated. Globalization is a significant break from decades of progress. The idea that globalization is pushing us into a new era of disease often gains salience because of the way that the onset of new diseases are contrasted with decades of progress. From the 1940s to the 1960s, especially, a successful vaccine for polio and smallpox and the discovery of antibiotics suggested that infections would be eradicated. The last case of smallpox was in 1977 (first vaccine 1796 when milkmaids who had cowpox did not catch smallpox. The US military now vaccinated in case of bioterrorism). To some extent, many of us will all have grown up with the idea that health can be controlled by an individual for instance by not smoking, drinking, or driving without a seatbelt. Polio: iron lung snippett smallpox: pussy lessions on skin. Vaccine invented in 1955. www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit