GGRB28H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Haitian Americans, Blood Transfusion, Gender Inequality

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Published on 5 Jul 2012
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Lecture 3 Reading
Farmer chapter 4
-Many doctors thought magic ritual provides means of transfer of blood and secretion
from person to person
-Women have been known to introduce menstrual blood into the food and drink of
their partner to prevent them from ‘straying’
-Local interpretations of Aids often hinged on allegations of sorcery
-In 1982 US public health officials inferred that Haitians qua Haitians were some way
at risk of aids and suggested they would research to find the culprit
-aids was leading cause of death among adults between 20-49
-Research present there left little doubt that in urban Haiti, at least a new state of
immunodeficiency was striking increasing numbers of young adults, especially men
- There were many Haitian and American men who had aids and the researchers were
confused with causes but knew it was caused by the same organism
-Port au Prince was common place for male and female prostitution
-Haitian men were found to have been having sexual contact with American men
tourists
-Increasing number of women started to report infection
-The association with a history of blood transfusion seemed be greater in Haiti than in
the United States
-Haitian origin of AIDS has led to wave of anti-Haitian discrimination
-there was collaboration claims that HIV was not easily spread by nonsexual contact
-prevalence of HIV was highest in children with parents who had AIDS, especially
children less than one year old
-difficult to assess HIV with other diseases because deaths due to diarrheal disease
has been a long commonplace in Haiti
-epidemiology only gives a small idea of how and why AIDS spread in HIV but is not a
clear explanation of it.
-for Haitian American individuals the common factors for HIV was not the case such as
homosexuality
-since heterosexual males are having homosexual experiences the heterosexual
transmission is higher in Haiti compared to America
-HIV for women to men are inefficiently transmitted
-With the passage of time then it became increasingly clear that HIV was
heterosexually transmitted, especially from men to women
-During the past five years Haiti, especially Port au Prince has become popular
holiday resort for Americans who are homosexual, homosexual prostitution common
there
-There used be a gay subculture in Haiti and tailored to many gay individuals
Farmer Chapter 5
-Peligre basin region may be poorest in Haiti
-Thousands of villagers were flooded out after the damn was build in 1956
- Many families rely on small agriculture to survive even after generations
-started to diagnose natives of Do Kay for Aids they shared two risk factors: inequality
and poverty
-Most area residents shared single socioeconomic status, poverty conjugal unions
with non peasants reflect women's quest for some measure of economic security
- Local inequality is for truck drivers or soldiers who were with local peasants
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