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Lecture

Lec02


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRC02H3
Professor
Elrick

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GGRC02 LEC 02 20:35
GGRC02 LEC 02
POP GROWTH RATE: POPN NOW- POPN TIME 1 / POPN TIME 1
POP’N DENSITY: TOTAL POPN OF ONE AREA/ AREA IN QUESTION
MALTHUS’ PROPHECY
food is necessary to the existence to man
reproduction will remain
these two are fixed laws of our nature
popn increases in a geometrical ratio (exponentially)
substence increases linearly
at one point food production will be less than the popn growth- critical point is known as
carr ying capacity
Cornucopians:
No limit to growth- the future is friendly
Inc popn and higher std of living, price rises
This attracts entrepreneurs and inventors to satisfy the shortages
Final result: we end up better of f in the end
Need the problems to move fwd
Popn doctrines
1300 bc- book of genesis, be fruitful and multiply
500 bc- Confucius, popn growth is good, but govt should maintain a doctrine to
maintain between resources and popn
360 bc- plato, popn quality more important than quantity- emphasis should be on
stability
50 b.c- Cicero, popn growth was necessary to maintain the roman interests
400 ad- st Augustine- abstinence is best, second best is to marr y and procreate-
1280 a.d- Aquinas, celibacy is not better than marriage and procreation-
1380- ibn khaldun- popn growth is inherently good because it inc occ specializations
and increases incomes
1700-1800- physiocrats- emphasis on economic trade
1798- Malthus- popn growth results in poverty
1844- marx society at each point in history has its own law of popn that determines its
own popn growth
Ambiguity of the future
a) limits of growth by club of Rome vs. b) the ultimate resource by julian simon
a) followed malthus theory- pop'n growth will doom us
a) found that many resources were limited and may not last very long
club of Rome consisted of elite businessmen
b) there are no limits to growth and the ultimate resource is the human mind
b) popn is intrinsically related to economic effects esp income
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