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Session 5 Why Botswanians die young HIV/AIDS & Changing age structures
HIV/AIDS prevalence rates
Table shows ten countries with highest prevalence rates and ten countries with
lowest rates
If these prevalence rates are high, then these countries have a problem
If you compare the absolute numbers, then the US is much lower than Kenya
HIV/AIDS is a worldwide problem, 95% of cases are located in Africa
Why is this the case and what has been done about it?
Spread of HIV over time in sub-Saharan Africa, 1982-1997
Only in the year 2005, 1 million people died of AIDS-related causes in sub-Saharan
Africa
HIV/AIDS in Botswana
Botswana is among the ones with the highest prevalence rates
34% prevalence rate in 2006
45% prevalence rate among pregnant women age 25-34
Life expectancy
o1991: 70 years
o2005: 36 years
Although in 1990s, there were lots of AIDS cases spread over African countries, and
still, the numbers are rising until now
One of the reasons is political reason in these countries no one talked about
HIV/AIDS, even political leaders didnt talk about it, and thats why its called the
silent tragedy
oOnly in 1999, South African president still questioned that HIV was a cause
of AIDS, this is why lots of people in South Africa didnt trust the AIDS
campaign that was set out in South Africa
oHIV was discovered in 1970s when there were more cases discovered in the
US
oThe disease was formerly known and researchers discovered AIDS in 1983,
then they were able to trace it back in time to 1950s not only in US but to
central and East Africa
oIt began spreading there as a disease to monkeys, and then it crossed the
species barriers from monkeys to humans, in a way it was tragic as well
oVirus was spread because it was from monkey kidneys
oAfrica had quite a lot of time to develop more cases because it was spread out
from there, and this was discovered in 1970s in US and took a long time to
realize that the origin was from Africa and then started programs to treat
these diseases
The second cause this started in Sub-Saharan Africa was there was a silence about
these diseases related to sexual practices
oBecause the local knowledge systems in these countries worked differently
than western countries
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Document Summary

Session 5 why botswanians die young h i v/aids & changing age structures. Hiv/aids prevalence rates: table shows ten countries with highest prevalence rates and ten countries with lowest rates. If these prevalence rates are high, then these countries have a problem. Spread of hiv over time in sub-saharan africa, 1982-1997: only in the year 2005, 1 million people died of aids-related causes in sub-saharan. Hiv/aids in botswana: botswana is among the ones with the highest prevalence rates. 45% prevalence rate among pregnant women age 25-34. Last but not least, sanitation, hygiene problems, and not very good nutrition helped spread the disease as well. Income per capita on x-axis, and life expectancy on y-axis. It is estimated that economic growth is dampened by 2-3 percent each year, that means aids is quite a huge impact in a country: the social consequences are: stigmatization. In botswana, almost everyone is infected and knows someone who is infected.

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