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Lecture

Week 8 Lecture Note


Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRC02H3
Professor
Elrick

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Mid-term exam sample key Q1:
Problems are that the economy may not be able to adapt to such large numbers of people,
food resources may become limited and the depletion of natural resources. High fertility
rates can also place a burden on the health care and education sectors. Having to
accommodate more people can put a strain on these, resulting in poor health care and
education.
Mid-term exam sample key Q2: Epidemiological transition is the shift from infectious
and contagious diseases as being the primary cause of premature mortality to chronic and
degenerative diseases as being the primary cause of premature mortality. It is used in the
context that after the eradication of various infectious diseases in developed countries there
is an epidemiological shift. However, in less developed countries, malaria...
Mid-term exam sample key Q3: During early human history, around 1 AD human
population distribution was centred around Northern Africa and South Asia. Population
settlements were found along the fertile river valleys in these areas, such as the Nile River
and Ganges River. This was because they were able to easily access water and the land was
fertile. The rivers also provided a means of transportation for trade.
Midi-term exam sample key Q4: This view goes against the Malthus view, Julian L.
Simon also takes the same view but in an economist approach. The higher the population
growth, the better the labour and capital. There will always be availability and they can
come up with new ideas and substitutes to always having resources to keep up with the
population. New technology and advances in agriculture always keep up with new ways to
achieve resources. Knowledge is power and through this resources will continue.
Mid-term exam sample key Q5: The 3 reasons are level of education, contraceptive uses,
and cultural issues. Women with higher level of education will tend to have less children.
With higher education levels, they will realize that it costs more to raise a child. India
prefer sons over daughters, as a result, families will have more than 6 children to make
sure at least one son in the family.
Mid-term exam sample key Q6: Millennium Development Goals were set out by the
United Nation with the approval of the 192 member states for improving the well-being of
people across the globe. These goals are: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger; improve
gender equality and empower women; These 8 goals were planned to be achieved by the
year 2015, and were set out in the UN convention in 2000. Population geography is the
study of human population through spatial analysis, examination of fertility and mortality
rates and the; movement of people across space (migration).The accomplishment of these
goals will have a great impact on the demographic and epidemiological transitions.
*Content on March 23rd in-class assignment is last week, this week, and next week.*
Session 8: Migration
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