Week 11 Lecture Note
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In-class assignment answers:
1.Population growth is one of the key concepts in population geography and
demography. Which one of the following statements describes unambiguously
negative population growth:
•None of the above.
2.Which statement describes best the process that leads to rectangularization in
•A decrease in fertility rates over a long period of time, in combination with a
decrease in infant mortality rates as well as an improvement in overall
3.Macro-economic theories of migration are one dominant set of theories that try to
explain migration, and they are widely criticised. Which of the following is not a
valid criticism of these theories?
•Regional wage differentials are not taken into account by macro-economic
4.Which set of provinces and territories experienced higher amount of net out-
migration than of net immigration in the given years, i.e. which provinces and
territories experienced a population loss due to migration?
•Yukon (1999), Saskatchewan (1999) and Newfoundland & Labrador (1999)
5.Migration appears in many different forms, form permanent neighbourhood moves
and international seasonal labour migration, to short-term leisure-induced
migration. Transhumance is another form of migration. Select the statement that
describes best this term.
•Transhumance is a form of migration in which people drive their livestock
seasonally over relatively short distances, and return to their permanent
settlement every year.
6.What do population geographers and demographers mean by the term ‘demographic
•The delayed decrease of fertility rates in the demographic transition leads to
an advantageous situation in which a country has a huge labour force while
not having to take care for too many elderly persons or children.
7.‘Transnationalism’ is a concept that confounds what researchers once believed to be
a clear difference between immigration and emigration. Based on the assigned
article by Ryan et al. (2009) on family strategies and the transnational migration of
recent Polish migrants in London, which of the family strategies was not found
among the migrants interviewed?
•Flexible family arrangements, in which one family member frequently goes
back and forth between Poland and London.
8.The United Nations differentiates the category of ‘forced migrants’ into ‘refugees’
and ‘internally displaced persons’. These two sub-categories receive different
treatment by UN member states. Which of the following forms of international
support is granted to both categories?
•There is no international support that is granted to both sub-categories.
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9.Which one of the following variables has the strongest impact on migration
selectivity in Canada in 2008/2009?
10.Some scholars posit that the migration category “refugee” is not a clear-cut one.
Select the most appropriate statement.
•The category is difficult to grasp as it confounds political with other
11.Which of the statements best describes the poverty situation in Canada?
•The table states that there exists some kind of relative poverty in Canada.
12.Have a look at the table of educational attainment of the population of a country and
then choose the statement that fits best according to knowledge of the relationship
between education, gender and fertility rates.
•The fertility rates of this country in the year 2000 should be lower than in
1940 due to the higher educational attainment of women.
13.Which set of migration types is an example for migration typologies regarding time?
•Snowbirds, seasonal workers, college students
14.Look at the table below that states all immigrants in 2009 in Canada according to
their official immigration category. Select on the basis of this table the most
•Although the categories’ summaries state that there are more economic
migrants, the sub-categories state that there are in fact more people
immigrating due to family reasons.
15.Toronto is one of the most diverse cities in the world, with over 140 languages and
dialects spoken. Select the most appropriate number of people in Toronto who are
born outside of Canada at the moment.
•About 50% of Toronto’s population is born outside of Canada.
16.Migration researchers as well as politicians notice that immigration policies are less
and less meeting their goals in controlling migration, especially in terms of the
numbers of immigrants. Choose the reason that best explains this problem.
•Social networks of migrants and the phenomenon of transnationalism make it
more and more difficult to control migration flows.
17.Based on the following UN facts, which one of the statements is valid?
•“South-to-South” migrants are about as numerous as “South-to-North”
18.Below you find Zelinsky’s migration transition model. In which phase would you
place the United Kingdom in the 18th/19th century?
City of Toronto:
•Why is Toronto growing?
•We have to understand that when we talk about Toronto, there are three different
concepts of Toronto:
oCity of Toronto
oCensus Metropolitan Area does not include all of Toronto
oGTA does not include all of the CMA
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