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Lecture 9

GGRC24H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Operations Management, Utah Phillips, Field Guide

2 pages120 viewsWinter 2016

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Michael Ekers

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Lecture – Class and Nature
Field guide to North America
oTrying to reshape the way we think about wilderness
oSexuality is fundamentally social
oOur urban landscapes are sexualized in different ways
oCalvin klein commercial – about how sexuality is never private and rather deeply social
oSimilar dynamics work in wilderness spaces
oBromance – trying to think about how mens straight identities are much more complicated
then often assumed – there is a lot more going on in those friendships (in terms of intimacy)
than we think is going on – we see this in mens relationships with one another in spaces of
oRelationships to land and art are extremely gendered – land is referred to as a feminized
place – colonial narratives are often about exploring or penetrating feminized landscapes –
and this is about a heterosexualized relationship to land
oBoth land and women are the kind of objects/traffic between men – mens relationships to
one another – mens sexuality can be so repressed in the homophobic culture that we live in
so it means that at times mens relationships get mediated in different ways
Discussion questions
oClass is also getting mediated socially
oClass is something that is also performed – not just about your socio economic status
oUtah Phillips
oClass is about income, status, relationships and how these are structured between social
groups – there no such thing as the working class without the bourgeoisies because they
need each other
oUrban environments –who’s making the lattes for the executives coming into Toronto?
oClass relationships are also about dependency and disposability - dependent on other peoples
labour – relationship of dependency – different social groups being dependent on one
another in hierarchical relationships
oClass relationships are identities exist but they are always gendered – no such thing as social
class at an economic level without it being gendered
Class: Structuralists approach
oClass is generally understood as ones position in an economy
oAs a worker your place in production is to produce more than you are paid – this is a class
oDistribution – what share of that value do you get? How much control do you have over
what you get paid? Lower class has very little control while upper class has more
oAlso about consumption – who can buy a house vs a condo? Who can buy an airmac? Who
can keep up with the demands of a consumer based society?
oThis is about social relationship, consumption, and production
oHierarchical relationships around who is employing who and what they produce
oA lot of workers push and challenge relationship and authority
Class: a cultural approach
oBehaviour/clothing/language etc.
oClass can also be defined culturally through a series of aptitudes, bodily dispositions,
everyday practices
oClass based on what people look like and how they behave
oPeople live out certain class identities as mediated through gender etc.
Class and work
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