GASB15 March 14, 2013
South Asian Novelists in English, An A-Z Guide, Edited by Jaina C. Sanga, 2003,
Westport, Connecticut and London: Greenwood Press
1813, in the Charter Act, the East India Company took a responsibility for native
William Bentick‟s English Education Act made the study of English mandatory in
India. (Governor General of India 1828-1835)
1857, the British Crown took over the Company and formally patterned the Indian
University system after that of England.
There was dissent from these actions – stifling/restricting Indian learning/culture
Ram Mohan Roy (1772 – 1833) – sought to make reforms in religion, society,
and education. Often referred to as the „Father of Modern India‟. Advocated the
study of English in India – wanted intellectual exchange
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee‟s “Rajmohan‟s Wife” (1864) is generally regarded as the
first Indian English novel.
Chatterjee was born in Bengal (1838 – 1894)
One of first graduates from the University of Calcutta
Deputy magistrate and deputy collector in the government of the British India
Three major Indian novelists, regarded as the „gurus‟ of the Indian English novel.
Started careers as novelists during the 1930s.
Mulk Raj Anand (1905 – 2004)
Educated: Punjab and UK (returned to India in 1926)
o Experiments (likes James Joyce) with language – used words as a type of
art form, making them intricate. He tried to bring in local language into his
Fear of Fear
o sisking – onomatopoeia (maybe?)
o Dharna – a type of protest where you lurk by the front door of s