Week 5 .docx

3 Pages
134 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Global Asia Studies
Course
GASB67H3
Professor
Sudharshan Duraiyappah
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 5- Gandharan Art Feb 7 2013 Diplomacy - Straddling a wide range of ethnic and cultural boundaries - Two distinct type of coins issued in the western and eastern parts of the empire - Shows significant ruler, Kanishka. Human figure of Buddha created under his reign Western part of the empire - Summer capital at Begram in the hills of Afghanistan - Coins featuring Iranian deities, Greek goddess and the Buddha - Coins used local Kharosti script derived from Aramaic and also occasionally used Greek - Buddhist Empire Eastern Part - Winter Capital Mathura located in the plains of Northern India - Coins featured Hindu Gods and Buddha - Used local indian Brahmi script - The Kushan rulers could indeed King Kanishka - Creation of Human form for the image of the Buddha in his reign - 78- 108 AD Buddha in Human Form - Anthropomorphic image of the Buddha became popular - The earlier preference for the symbolic representation was abandoned in favor of embodiment Reason for the Change - Religion itself was changing and no longer visualized the Buddha as an inspired mortal sho had found a path to salvation - Now been deified, and the followers required a personal focus to pin their devotion - Two distinct types of images were produced in the western and eastern parts of the Kushan empire - Doctrines are changing - Everybody else has human figure for their deities, peer pressure Gold of Kanishka - Made in Kanishka’s reign, gold, shows one of the earliest artifact that shows Buddha’s human form - In lotus position, covered by robs, geese below, disciples also have mandora around them Stupa of Kanishka - Recordings of Chinese pilgrims indicated that the stupa rose over 90m, numerous stories were built of wood, had a gilded copper mast and a set of 13 copper umbrellas - Silk routes, North Western Image - Fashioned with local grey schist stone, local stone, artists used local material - Using Greco- Roman Apollo type as the model with Persian influence, it was Persian Empire before it became Roman cities - Buddha shown with youthful features, wavy hair with the robe in classical folds - 32 signs of the Buddha’s superhuman perfection (Purusha Lakshana, male features) - Not all external - When Buddha was born, he had a marking between his eyebrows, a bump on his head, interesting hand marks, lotus under his feet, etc. Sculpture from ROM - Made of grey schist stone, - Buddha was born into the royalty, - He was shown as a monk, not a young prince - Shown his
More Less

Related notes for GASB67H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit