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Lecture 15

HISA04H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Encomienda, Ulama, Devşirme

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Natalie Rothman

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History Lecture 15 - November 03/10
Globalizing Empires II: The Habsburgs
Key terms -
People - Ferdinand & Isabella, Charles V(r. 1519-1556), Philip II (r. 1556-1598)
Concepts- Composite Monarchy, Purity of Blood, Inquisition, Settler Colonies, settler Colonies, Hacienda
& encomienda, Timar
Themes - similarities and differences between ottoman and Habsburg imperial structures
- Settler colonies: "we came here to serve God and the King, and also to get rich." (A soldier with Cortes)
-"Colonial Spanish America was a vast laboratory of ethnic mixing and cultural change." (Strayer, p . 634)
Mihrimah Mosque, Istanbul
- Infrastructure of empire, role of women, daughter of the sultan, suleyman** structures soup kitchen,
training institutions, initiatives tied together different parts of empire, patriot
- Egnatia, very prominent road, ottomans major role in preserving road, major hostile for travelers on
these routes, built bridges, appoa (another road) constructing roads/ preserving roads another
developing infrastructure of empire
- provincial governing - ottomans wide in circulating governments frequently, this stopped people from
creating local power bases and also people in power learned from the different places, they were
worldly educated, skilled accomplished governors that had all come from same place (the child levy,
taken to Istanbul as child and re educated....)
Ulama - educated class of scholars / teachers, travelled frequently, invited scholars to Istanbul to more
prestige’s schools/madras’s to teach,
-**a timar system - system of land grants given to individuals in return for certain services, Christian or
Muslim, Christian warriors, monasteries, Muslim soldiers and others, initially open ended system later
more often Muslim, not hereditary land grants, circulation of people,
Kenan Pasha on his way to Drama in Macedonia with a retinue of soldiers
Common people understood the sultan as a power and law giver, special bond with ruler, protecting
from local rulers
Law code developed by sultan soloman
Hapsburg - Iberian Peninsula
- Initially heirs to medieval Holy Roman Empire (defused set of territories)
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