HISA04H3 Lecture 4: HISA04 - Lecture 4.docx

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26 Jun 2013
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Nordic seas the vikings and their environment. The seas travelled by the vikings: the north, baltic, and irish sea, some went west to north atlantic ocean, some went east to mediterranean, english channel. The vikings settled in various environments, some harsh like greenland. Before 800 ce northwest europe and russia were attacked by groups of people from. 3 groups of vikings: danes from denmark, swedes from sweden, norwegians from norway. Farmers rented land from nobles, but didn"t owe anything to them except for rent. Peasants and slaves under the farmers. Economic activity: geography and climate dictated economic activity, scandinavia short summers, not a lot of arable (good for farming) land. Mostly raised livestock (sheep, goat, pigs, horses) Animals would have to be moved inside for the winter. Most of summer vikings spent time growing and storing grass (hay), houses would be protected by grass. Iron was used for tools for farming, household tools, wool, axes, military tools.

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