Lecture 9.pdf

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16 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Key Terms 11-09-19 10:09 AM
People
Odoric of Pordenone (1286 – 1331)
William of Rubruck (ca. 1220 – 1293)
Giovanni da Pian del Carpine (1180 -1252)
Sir John Mandeville
Prester John
Places
Mecca
Venice
Silk Road
Indian ocean
Concepts
Trade Diaspora
Hajj
Black Death
Caravan
NO DATES FOR SHORT ANSWERS. Mention century*
Themes
How medieval piey and profit connected distant places and fostered long
distance trade and cross cultural interactions.
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Interconnections II: Travelers, Missionaries, and
Merchants 11-09-19 10:09 AM
Interconnection: Connections between societies & across cultures
Long Distance Trade
Intensifies in middle ages
Linked sharp societies
Includes ecological zones
CARAVANS: masses of people and animals through routes
Emergence of Eurasian-African network
Why Arab conquest were significant to trade relations:
o Access to more resources; more powerful, many resources
within
o Access to Arabic scripture; well known everywhere
o Common religion & culture; easier to relate to others
o Mohammed was a merchant; gave more of a dignified
appearance; more welcoming to outsiders.
Implications of intensification of Trade
Gold vs. Salt – Changes diet of west Africans; food preservation
Emergence of traders & merchants as a distinct social group.
o Did things to mark self as a wealthy AND pious person
Facilitated kinds of social mobility
o Invest wealth in land & property for agricultural compensation
o Class of gentry (?)
Dual Process of state consolidation through taxation
o Boost for economy
o Made certain states rich & powerful
o States able to become more larger and guarantee safety of
travelling merchants if paid taxation
o Made it easier to take certain routes (because paid for safety)
over others
Pathogens – Black Death
o Came through movement along trade routes
o Collapse of many societies
Silk Roads
More prominent & effective into Post-Classical Era – Middle Ages
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