Lecture 12.pdf

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16 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Key Terms 11-09-19 10:10 AM
People
Emperor Yongle
Zheng He
Lulo Guangzhang
Louis XIV
Nobles of the Sword/ Nobles of the Robe
Leonardo da Vinci
Dante Allighierhi
Events
Ming Dynasty
Chinese Maritime Exploration
Hundred Years War
Printing Press
Concepts
Nation State
Renaissance
Estates General
Humanism
Places
Forbidden City
Venice
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Rebirths: State Building & Cultural Renewal11-09-19 10:10 AM
Plague/ Black Death: Recovery & Rebirth
China was the most affected by Mongol rule
Relationship between the people and their rulers: bad, a lot of
dislike by the Chinese, in some ways the Mongols needed the
Chinese (for their structure, forms of government)
China was able to rebel against Mongols due to weak inner
government
After rebellion – Ming Dynasty
1368-1644
China recovered political stability; political rebirth
Dismissed all signs of foreign rule (clothes, names)
Encouraged Confucian learning
Worked to create emperor focused government
o Eunuchs
Reservoirs, Irrigation Systems etc.
Were able tor recover well & were more stable
Cultural renewal
Encyclopedia
Creation of Chinese landmarks
Why was cultural reinstatement crucial to political stability?
Symbols of strength
Putting things into motion
o Creation of monuments
Job creation by monument buildings
Literature: Luo Guangzhang & Shi Nai’an were famous writers and
part of the cultural renewal
Porcelain (Blue & white)
Example of a luxury good
When a kingdom can make luxury goods = symbol of strength and
prosperity
Travel & Exploration: Yongle
Launched largest maritime expedition
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