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Lecture

Year 1 - HISA04 Themes in World History I W1 L2 - Sept17.doc


Department
History
Course Code
HISA04H3
Professor
William Nelson

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Week 2, Lecture 2 HISA04 Themes in World History I Mon 17th Sept 2012
Tapir
- Surprised at difference of animals, nature of Americas
- Categorized unknown animals with names of animals known by Europeans (ex. Pumas as
Lions)
- “Unknown in terms of Known”
- Is problematic, causes a barrier and misunderstanding of American society and/or
cultures.
Columbus Picture Interpretation
- Not eye-witness picture
- Shows Europeans as civilized and Natives as uncivilized/barbaric
- Willing to trade gold, silver, gifts, etc. – goods
- Inimplication of natives may be lower than Europeans in status.
- “Conquest in the name of Christianity” (the planted Cross)
- Search initiated by fall of Constantinople (trade routes to Asia via that location were cut-
off, thus looking for new routes via sea)
- Depicts (maybe) Natives as innocent and pure, like before Adam and Eve and the
Original Sin.
- Implies military superiority over the Natives
- Depicts Native lands as ‘untouched’ or unused’. Thought they did not utilized the land
well.
Bougainville and New Cythera
- First French navigator to navigate the world (Bougainville)
- New Cythera references to Greek antiquity
- Tahiti, island near Greece.
- Cythera – Goddess of Life, Venus came from.
- Example of Habit of using “Unknown in terms of the Known”
Egg and Chestnut (Jose de Acosta)
- Comparing wildlife of Old world to New world = problematic
Cortes Picture Interpretation
- Shows from the chairs they sit on, they may be of neutral or equal status because they are
the same looking chairs.
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