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HISA04H3 Lecture Notes - Dutch Cape Colony, Pierre Poivre, Horticulture

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William Nelson

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Isle de France (present day Mauritius)
Why did the French spend so much time,
effort, and money to establish the colony
of “Isle de France” on a tiny island in the
Indian Ocean?
Why was a botanical garden central to
their plans for Isle de France?
Who were the dominant trading power in
the 17th century world?
The Dutch because they were the
shipping people of the world, they transported products for countries all over the
The Dutch East India Company known as the VOC
Formed in 1602 to monopolize Asian trade
The world’s first large joint-stock company
Most powerful trading company in the 17th century world
o Raised 10 times the capital of its English counterpart
o At its peak it had 257 ships and 12,000 men employed
o Between 1595-1795, it sent over a million men to Asia
A model for large-scale business enterprises that now dominate the global
Which was not one of the primary goods traded by the VOC?
The primary goods that the VOC traded were coffee, teak wood, spices, and tea.
The First Global
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