LECTURE ONE Modernity.docx

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30 Mar 2012
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Modernity
Characteristics of modern society:
oIt begun with the decline of brutalism, and the initiation of industrialization
oUrbanizations, transportation
oInstitutionalization
oPost modernization:
technology
globalization
When and how and why did modern societies first emerge?
oIt emerged in western Europe and England
oAsia: Brittan brought modernization to India.
Definition by Stuart Hall: Secular form of political power and authority.
oSeparating power and authority from religion and tradition
For example: queen, kings, religious leaders were replaced by state
leaders
oComplex structures of the modern nation state
oThe large-scale production and consumption of commodities for the market
How does this illustrate the modern life style?
Consumerism; people worship commodities
oDynamic social and sexual division of labor
oCharacterized by new class formations
oThe decline of the religious world view
Asian Modernity
When and how and why did modern societies first emerge?
oJapan 1800s: became one of the non western imperial powers: capturing
parts of China, Taiwan, and Korea.
oAsia’s modernization overlaps with Japanese invasions.
The modernity in asia was a result of colonialization and imperialization
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