Lecture 4

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Published on 3 Nov 2010
School
UTSC
Department
History
Course
HISB31H3
L04
South Africa
- British get Cape Colony (Dutch) 1815
- British abolish slavery 1833
- Boers, Great Trek - 1835 - 1841 (Orange Free State, Transvaal - Dutch colonies above Cape
Colony)
- Boer War 1899 - 1902
- Dominion of Union of South Africa (1909)
French Colonies
* Algeria 1830-1869, Tunisia 1881, Morocco 1912
[direct + French colonists]
- Morocco was one of the events leading up to WWI - control, proximity to Europe
- Algeria was thought to be/administered as PART of France (department)
* Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Dahomey 1904 (as a single colony to be cost effective -
French West Africa)
- cash crops, railroads
* French Equatorial Africa 1910 (Congo basin)
- whether the surrounding areas of the Congo would yield minerals just has high
[put together, conglomerate, variety of cultures/ethnicities]
- Britain successfully linked together her colonies and self for more sufficient usage of
resources
- British Navy stopped competition & protected commercial fleet
Brief History of the West Indies
* pre 1492
- 6 million native population (three distinct tribal groups) - 'Carib'
Æ decimated: genocide (depopulation for easier management), disease, slavery, racial mix
* 1492 Hispaniola (Haiti & Dominican Republic) base
- prosperous time
- Mexico (Aztecs) by Cortes
- Peru (Incas) by Pizarro
* English & French versus Spanish & Portuguese
- Barbados 1625, Jamaica 1655, Trinidad 1802, Haiti 1697
- extended in ability to administer lands indirectly
- fight economic war against competition through anti-slavery policies
* emancipation
- 1804 Haiti - slave rebellion - time of French Revolution, rose in rebellion
- 1807 British abolished slave trade - through indirect rule, would be affected more severely
[show to be progressive, and outlaw competition]
- sank ships of which carried slaves
- 1833 British abolished the use of slaves in the West Indies/South Africa
- 1848 French abolition - to keep control of colonies, avoid revolts
- 1863 Dutch
- 1866 Spain
- replacement of slave labour with indentured labour
-- after emancipation limited rights and racial preferences based on self government
* indentured labour (from India)
- Indian Arrival Day (May 30, 1845) in Trinidad
- transition between black slave labour and Indian indentured labour
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Document Summary

Boers, great trek - 1835 - 1841 (orange free state, transvaal - dutch colonies above cape. Dominion of union of south africa (1909) Morocco was one of the events leading up to wwi - control, proximity to europe. Algeria was thought to be/administered as part of france (department) * senegal, guinea, ivory coast, dahomey 1904 (as a single colony to be cost effective - Whether the surrounding areas of the congo would yield minerals just has high. Britain successfully linked together her colonies and self for more sufficient usage of resources. British navy stopped competition & protected commercial fleet. 6 million native population (three distinct tribal groups) - "carib"  decimated: genocide (depopulation for easier management), disease, slavery, racial mix. * 1492 hispaniola (haiti & dominican republic) base. * english & french versus spanish & portuguese. Barbados 1625, jamaica 1655, trinidad 1802, haiti 1697. Extended in ability to administer lands indirectly. Fight economic war against competition through anti-slavery policies.