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Lecture

Lecture 4


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki

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L04
South Africa
- British get Cape Colony (Dutch) 1815
- British abolish slavery 1833
- Boers, Great Trek - 1835 - 1841 (Orange Free State, Transvaal - Dutch colonies above Cape
Colony)
- Boer War 1899 - 1902
- Dominion of Union of South Africa (1909)
French Colonies
* Algeria 1830-1869, Tunisia 1881, Morocco 1912
[direct + French colonists]
- Morocco was one of the events leading up to WWI - control, proximity to Europe
- Algeria was thought to be/administered as PART of France (department)
* Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Dahomey 1904 (as a single colony to be cost effective -
French West Africa)
- cash crops, railroads
* French Equatorial Africa 1910 (Congo basin)
- whether the surrounding areas of the Congo would yield minerals just has high
[put together, conglomerate, variety of cultures/ethnicities]
- Britain successfully linked together her colonies and self for more sufficient usage of
resources
- British Navy stopped competition & protected commercial fleet
Brief History of the West Indies
* pre 1492
- 6 million native population (three distinct tribal groups) - 'Carib'
Æ decimated: genocide (depopulation for easier management), disease, slavery, racial mix
* 1492 Hispaniola (Haiti & Dominican Republic) base
- prosperous time
- Mexico (Aztecs) by Cortes
- Peru (Incas) by Pizarro
* English & French versus Spanish & Portuguese
- Barbados 1625, Jamaica 1655, Trinidad 1802, Haiti 1697
- extended in ability to administer lands indirectly
- fight economic war against competition through anti-slavery policies
* emancipation
- 1804 Haiti - slave rebellion - time of French Revolution, rose in rebellion
- 1807 British abolished slave trade - through indirect rule, would be affected more severely
[show to be progressive, and outlaw competition]
- sank ships of which carried slaves
- 1833 British abolished the use of slaves in the West Indies/South Africa
- 1848 French abolition - to keep control of colonies, avoid revolts
- 1863 Dutch
- 1866 Spain
- replacement of slave labour with indentured labour
-- after emancipation limited rights and racial preferences based on self government
* indentured labour (from India)
- Indian Arrival Day (May 30, 1845) in Trinidad
- transition between black slave labour and Indian indentured labour
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