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Lecture

Lecture 5


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki

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American Civil War (1861 - 1865)
- Industrialization (economic expansion, labour)
Æ westward expansion (railroad)
Æ slavery (expanded/profit)
from 1776 (founding of United States) --- 1861 (date of civil war)
4 million --- 31 million
13 states --- 33 states
Slavery
- began in 1619, by 1776 - 1/6 of population were slaves
- North controlled trade - imported and distributed them to the South [controlled in terms
of profit, not product]
- North abolished slave trade in 1808
-- North had little effect, as more industrialized - South was rural
- South: tobacco (Virginia)
rice (South Carolina)
sugar
cotton (Æ cotton gin 1790s - no conflict to stop the Industrial Revolution)
- industry was there, then the governance to the state came later
* by 1861, supply of 90% European cotton = 50% of US exports
- North America 1619
- when abolished, South lagged behind - compromises of 1850 (fugitive slave law) between
North/South
Æ those who fled from the South to the North would be given back
* 95% of blacks in the South = 1/3 of the total Southern population
* 5% of blacks in the North = 1% of the total Northern population
- abolition = hard to define
[immediate, gradual, propertied - freedom with/out land, segregated,
voting/representative]
- "free" but there is nowhere to go, .'. reinsurfed
- Civil War Context (1861-1865)
* states rights versus federal rights
move west, leave government authority, be able to lose slave labour
- industrialization, slavery, western expansion = all together
* slavery extension territories ?
- as the economy grew, slave labour grew
* possible consequences of abolition of slavery on the economy
* slavery ends in 1865
Black Leaders and Movements
Booker T. Washington (1856 - 1915) - black from the Southern states
- seek accommodation within the South with black government in the South
W.E.B. DuBois (1868 - 1963) - black from the North - born in Massechussetts
- emancipation = affected both white and black; pan-African movement
- National Association Advanced Colonial People (NAACP) Leader (versus Booker T.)
- affected by the Russian Revolution of 1917 (worldwide fallout)
Æ to colonial peoples - 3rd world solidarity of compressed nations, non-alignment
Communism
- invited by Nkrumah - first leader of Ghana (independent state)
www.notesolution.com
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