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Lecture 9

lecture 9

Course Code
Neville Panthaki

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3 out of 15 dates, events, people's names, conflicts
- Monroe Doctrine
- Bismarckian system
- new balance of power system for Europe created by Bismarck
- include Germany within the new balance of power (1870-1890)
- Bismarck = architect of German unification
- recreate system
- separate five power
- themes of the system - allies with Russia and Austria, prevent a two front war, had
to isolate France
- prevent or localize conflict - so it won't spread to the rest of Europe
- 'lasted as long as Bismarck was in office and then began to unravel'
- Alfred Mahan
- Holy Alliance
- Concert of Europe
- 1914
- 1870: what where when why who
- rise of Germany under Bismarck
- war between France/Italy and Prussia which led to German unification
- 3rd war of German unification
- established Germany as an European power
- defeated France -- strongest European power of its day
- Germany begun to go through second industrialization of Europe - became
- re-established the balance of power
- peace terms of the war created problems for Bismarck to the system
- Marcus Garden
- Black man from Jamaica
- civil rights leader - believed the rights to black people would still be discriminated
in America
- wanted to send slaves back from America to Africa (back to Africa movement)
- set up organization
- choices from readings (Meridians)
Phases/Periodization (Western Front of WWI)
1. August - November 1914
- German attempt for quick victory
- planners/politicians were aware that they will lose
Æ cannot fight long war - no resources, manpower, armaments
- French/British stop-line (stop Schlieffen and doesn't move)
- (case plans) Schlieffen Plan (efficiency, wizardry) when Germany was forced to
fight on two fronts
- Battle on the Marne River (first battle) - always over the same piece of land
- first Battle at Ypres
2. November 1914 - March 1918
- Germans fail at quick victory turns into a battle of attrition
- time and economy that decides the winner
- Allied attempt to evict Germans (how to overcome enemy trenches)
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