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3 Nov 2010
School
Department
Course
L19
Weimar Republic - interwar German government
- what led to the collapse of the government as a result of post-Versailles events
- in/after WWI, government was organized to collapse
November 10, 1918 - Social Democrat (SD) - centre-Left
- day before armistice
- monarch head of state was not in control of German government
- German high command had been in charge
- military affairs was so large that it encompassed within hands of army
- government control in hands of monarchy/executive were almost collapsing
- when high command realized that they could not win WWI, allowed monarchy to collapse
- popular, Germans could not have won WWI, army organized armistice (found scapegoat)
Æ government wanted a scapegoat to take them out of the war
- wanted to rid the monarchy
- wanted to continue to be in charge of the government/retain control but did not
want to be blamed
- Versailles signed by SD
March 13, 1920 - Kapp Putsch (still under army control)
- why not openly command the government ?
- Allies may come in and restore government/monarch if upheaval
- Putsch launched a coup against his own leadership (defeated but resulted to ask the
government for more armed control)
November 6 - 8, 1923 - emergence of the Fascist party
- organizes Munich Putsch (emergency powers) - street 'coup'
- attempt to take over the streets of Munich - brawl easily put down by high command
- by this time, Nazi party under Hitler becomes a side in the lobby
- emergency powers - increased powers: right to suspend, search without warrant, etc
- continuously giving power to the military as the military protects the government from
falling
1928-1931 - Hitler begins to rile support
- army blamed for signing Versailles, inflation, poor conditions
- Army strikes a deal with Nazi - Rapprochement [move its support from the government to
the political contender, Hitler]
- creates an understanding for Nazi party to not attempt to disrupt law and order of the
streets so long as the army does not crack down
- army allows Fascism to grow, supporting - not supporting government
- allowing Nazi party to crack away at the government
- made fatal mistake by allowing Fascists in joining the army - into military forces and soon
into political establishments
1931-1932 - Schliecher becomes Chancellor - in total control of the state
- President Hindenburg refuses to declare Hitler to take control as Chancellor
- Hindenburg = hero, took control over German kaiser - prefer another military commander
- results in army-Nazi breakdown -- relationship falls
- Nazis actively work against the government (high command) with strategies such as
- biggest asset is hooliganism on the street - army can be called out but Schliecher does not
as he does not want to call for emergency powers
January 1933 - Hindenburg refuses to allow the use of emergency powers
- Schliecher wanted to crush Hitler
- felt that it would be better to give control to civil commander than army
- Schliecher's government falls as he has no support from Hindenburg
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Document Summary

Military affairs was so large that it encompassed within hands of army. Government control in hands of monarchy/executive were almost collapsing. Wanted to continue to be in charge of the government/retain control but did not. What led to the collapse of the government as a result of post-versailles events. In/after wwi, government was organized to collapse. November 10, 1918 - social democrat (sd) - centre-left. Monarch head of state was not in control of german government. German high command had been in charge. When high command realized that they could not win wwi, allowed monarchy to collapse. Popular, germans could not have won wwi, army organized armistice (found scapegoat) government wanted a scapegoat to take them out of the war want to be blamed. March 13, 1920 - kapp putsch (still under army control) Allies may come in and restore government/monarch if upheaval.

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