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3 Nov 2010
School
Department
Course
L23
- Eastern/Western theatres connected with tactics
- diplomacy connected to strategy
- Blitzkrieg = logistical solution to primary German problem (lack of resources/ability to
fight a long war of attrition)
- stalemate between German airforce and British airforce -- affected German tactics and
began bombing North Africa (did not want to, centre of attention was on Europe)
Æ turning of the tide as soldiers turned to Soviet Union
- prioritizing of Europe led to an Europe-first strategy
- Americans depended on the battle of the Atlantic & North America as it was a logistical
campaign that had to be won
- hostilities surfaced after North Africa Æ Italy (transition from Tunasia to Sicily)
Æ cease hostilities for transition of soldiers to allow D-Day
Pacific Theatre: Japan
background:
Æ Meiji Restoration (1868): Japan becomes modernized/industrialized, undertakes reform
for Sudo-constition and consequences of modernization (central government with policy of
imperialism)
- new Japan
Æ Russo-Japanese War (1905): Japanese won with near annihilation of Russian navy -
produced a first rate naval capacity tumbling European power and grudgingly admitted by
British and Americans as a force to be able to contend with rest
Æ influence over Manchuria (1910): fragility/vulnerability of China + encroachment of
Japanese
- recognized by British as legitimate area of Japanese rule
Æ 21 Demands on China (1915) - was on right side of WWI, allowed to expand its influence
in China, asking for more influence in port cities (Shanghai) and bailed threats of violence to
noncompliance
Æ German colonies gained in China (1919) after peace treaties
Æ Southern Manchuria (1931): first diplomatic crisis - rests on consent of all powers
contributing/allowing to be participants in membership of an organization that rests on
collective security
- manifested as the lagging of troops and occupation of Manchuria
- Japanese left the league
Æ Anti-Comintern [Communist International] Pact (1936): after reoccupation of Rhineland
- pledged that they were against expansionist ideology, radical socialism, against
Soviet Union
Æ 15 divisions (Shanghai Æ Nanking) (1937): evolution of warfare
- "Undeclared war" -- landed ~500 000 troops from Shanghai Æ Nanking to
perpetrate atrocities to threat/terrorize Chinese
Æ
Problem?
* area occupied on China was rich but nonpassive (became problem)
- lack of raw materials not solved by occupation of China
- lingering guerrilla continued until Mao
* low industrial production for war remained (empires are not profitable)
- holding land/territory is not the same as acquiring wealth
* lack of merchant marine (capacity to transfer resources back to Japan)
* at war, and must prioritize navy to hold occupation and territory/status
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Document Summary

Blitzkrieg = logistical solution to primary german problem (lack of resources/ability to fight a long war of attrition) Stalemate between german airforce and british airforce -- affected german tactics and began bombing north africa (did not want to, centre of attention was on europe) turning of the tide as soldiers turned to soviet union. Prioritizing of europe led to an europe-first strategy. Americans depended on the battle of the atlantic & north america as it was a logistical campaign that had to be won. Hostilities surfaced after north africa italy (transition from tunasia to sicily) cease hostilities for transition of soldiers to allow d-day. meiji restoration (1868): japan becomes modernized/industrialized, undertakes reform for sudo-constition and consequences of modernization (central government with policy of imperialism) russo-japanese war (1905): japanese won with near annihilation of russian navy - produced a first rate naval capacity tumbling european power and grudgingly admitted by.

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