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Lecture 13

HISB31H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: German Romanticism, French Revolution, Utopian Socialism


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki
Lecture
13

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FEB 23
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION:
Interpretation:
oVictorious masses: empowered the masses of people compared to what they used to
be (positive)
oUnwarranted coup: plunged the country into misery (negative)
oTragic
oInspirational
History prior to the Russian revolution (pre 1917) influences your idea of the revolution:
Your opinion influences post 1917 events in Russia but also throughout world
Your opinion = ideological ID
MARXISM:
“workers of the world, unite!”
Philosophical influences:
o18th century enlightenment French revolution (idea of questioning and scientific
approach)
oFrench utopian socialism (equality, fraternity etc)
oGerman romanticism (Engels and Marx were influenced by German history)
oMarx and engels were influenced by their occupation (economists) so they believed in
classical economic theory
Context of tomes:
oIndustrial revolution (UK) by Engels
oGerman platform socialism by Marx (how to create the state and what kind of state
should it be)
oEuropean Revolutions of 1848 (anti-bourgeois understanding)
oDistinctly (anti-capitalist with a proletarian (emerging working class) focus)
Revolutions of 1848:
oFrance: Bourgeoisie (begun by middle working class), side with cons
oLiberalism did not mean democracy
oThose with wealth could vote (a person with rights), no one else
o“Civil liberty bestowed by state”
o“State ranks rights”
o“good for most”
o“property is sacred”
o“monarchy is best”
Immediate Reference:
oHegel: philosophy of right
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