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Lecture 18

HISB31H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Italian Unification, Quit India Movement

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Neville Panthaki

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Indian National Congress (1885) movement
British ruled various ethnic groups and religious groups
Transformation ID Unity Expression
oAs a national existence, India did not exist
oCongress had to create an identity
oIt transformed the several regional ID into a single one
oRegional national
oParticularist patriotic
oHierarchy of identity
oThere is an attempt to make the lowest ID to the top (Indian)
oCreate a pan identity (ex. I am Canadian not I am Ontarian)
Dialogue with the Raj
oBritish methods/structure theory into practise
oEducated Indians used british customs/language
oLegal framework to change
Coalition of Interests and Secular
oCoalition of elites, religions, castes, lingual/ethno groups
oHard to do because there were various different identities
oReligion will not affect political but then again, there were so many different
religions that they had no other choice
oRule should be multiculturalism (tolerance for other cultures in order to have
oGaribaldi (Young Italy) led Italian unification, inspired the Indian Congress
oSinn Fein (Ireland) pushed towards home rule and independence
oLenin (Soviet Union) secular, socialist and multiculturalism
oFabians (British Constitutional/Democratic/Socialist) legality (no violence)
and gradual progress and evolving
Mohandas K. Gandhi:
He did not believe in violence to achieve change
Passive resistance
Active civil disobedience
Boycott british goods (salt, cotton)
Was involved Bengal partition 1905-1911
oThe british wanted to create a muslim Bengal. It failed because it magnified
britain’s problems. They tried to divide and rule.
Communal elections to Advisory Committee 1909
oMuslims will elect muslim candidates and hindus will elect hindus
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