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Lecture 17

HISB31H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Logical Consequence, Bourgeoisie, Union Busting

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Neville Panthaki

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Germany was seen as the pinnacle of Europe
It was the nation that was credited for culture, music etc
Why Fascism?
Logical consequence of German history
oThere was an argument that fascism was german but it’s wrong because it started
in Italy
oHitler tried to imitate Mussolini
oPeople believed that fascism was german because if you didn’t think so, you were
seen as if you had mental problems
Trend of 20th century, result of WW1, Russian Revolution, Depression
oEach event was a catalyst for the next event
oFascism was next in line
oIt’s wrong because depression was not the only reason for the rise of fascism
oIt sounds good and logical though
oThere is always a psychological perogrative for the person arguing for fascism
Breakdown/Collapse of 19th Century: Monnarchy, Conservatism, Liberalism
oThat’s what happens but it does not fully explain why fascism
Revolt of Bourgeoisie vs. Business, Unions/Labour, Govt
oIt was unique to a class
oThey turned to fascism because it was against big business and controlled
oThey were against unions and labours
oThey were against conservatism and monarchical govt
What is Fascism: Common elements
oYou can’t find the first fascist
oThere is no single doctrine of fascism
oAmalgamation (Combination of) Ideas
oHitler was the archtype of fascism but not really because he was the radical side of
oFascists are very social conservative (they liked that order/authority are the
paramount things in the state)
oMonarchy (they liked that the nation was controlled by a single leader/elite)
oSocialism (they liked utopian idea and mass strength, that the government was the
source of a better country)
oOpposition to Liberalism, Socialism and Democracy
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