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Lecture 3

Lecture 3.pdf


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Natalie Rothman
Lecture
3

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Key Terms 11-09-19 9:57 AM
Events
Qin Shihuangdi
Augustus
Tacitus
Wendi
People
Punic Wars (264 – 146)
Yellow Turban Rebellion (181 CE)
Concepts
Patricians & Plebians
Tribune
Pax Romana
Hadrian’s Wall
Legalism
Xionghu Confederation
Silk Road
Roman Citizenship
Imperial Examination System
Mandate of Heaven/ Divine Right
Ancestor Cult

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Who’s A Barbarian II 11-09-19 9:57 AM
What is a Historical Process?
Reformation
Process that creates change
o i.e Rome: Republic to Empire
o Women’s Rights in North America
o Chinese Dynasty
Lecture Questions
What is Historical Comparison?
What were the main features of the Roman & Chinese infrastructures of
empire?
Who’s A barbarian?
Similarities
Roads: Long distance navigation
Silk roads link Chinese and Roman empires
Coins, Architecture, Institutions
Rome
Aqueducts
Code of Law: Send governor to areas and keep public peace
China
Yellow, East, & South China seas
Great Wall
o Symbol of power and might
o To keep the barbarians out
Barbarian
Invader
Can’t tell apart from Romans
Not primitive
Outsider, threatens borders

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Tacitus: Germania 11-09-19 9:57 AM
Inhabitants & Origin of “Germany”
Aboriginal: not interbred with other races
Worship earth-born god Tuisco, and son Mannus, as their founders
Germany: new, from the fact that the tribes which first crossed the Rhine
and drove out the Gauls, were called Germans Germans = tribe
War Songs
inspire or feel alarm, general cry of valor
Sing of heroes
Physical Characteristics
Distinct & unmixed
Blue eyes, red hair, large size
Can’t do hard labor, handle thirst or heat
Geography
Forests & swamps
Makes grain
Good for farming animals (the more, the better)
No gold or silver
Military
Spears, shields, missiles
Little protection: few helmets, breastplate
Main strength is foot soldiers
Take bodies of their dead
Government & Women
Kings = Birthright
Generals = Merit
o lead because they are admired
Punishments dealt by priests
Fear captivity
Gods
Mercury: Main God. Sacrifice humans at times.
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