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Lecture 15

Lecture 15.pdf


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Natalie Rothman
Lecture
15

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Key Terms 11-09-19 10:11 AM
People
Ferdinand & Isabella
Charles V (r.1519 – 1556)
Phillip II (r. 1556 – 1598)
Concepts
Composite Monarchy
Purity of Blood
Inquisition
Settle Colonies
Hacienda & Encomienda
Timar
Themes
Similarities & differences between ottoman & Habsburg imperial
structures
Settler colonies: “We came here to serve God and the king, and
also to get rich”
“Colonial Spanish America was a vast laboratory of ethnic mixing
and cultural change”

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Globalizing Empires II: The Habsburgs 11-09-19 10:11 AM
Via Egnatia
Used in Byzantine empire & assumed to be unused after
Used by Ottoman Empire kept it working
o Built bridges, inns, etc.
o In general, allowed rapid & efficient travel
Circulation
Provincial Governors
Rome: would be sent to an area to rule
Ottomans used circulation, people were moved every couple of
years
Allowed for skilled & accomplished governors which all came from
the same base (Devshirme)
Educated scholars & teachers
From provincial schools in outer areas to teach at more prestigious
schools
o Circulation of knowledge in different subjects throughout the
empire
o Ottoman as ruling elite
Timar System:
System of land grants given to individuals across empire for certain
services
Meant to give land to anyone; Either Christian or Muslims
Get land grant & give government services or money
NOT hereditary
o Not same size or location
Had to constantly move around empire to maintain land
Strengthened bond between government and citizens rather than
local community & citizens
Facilitated Ottoman law & justice
Loyalty to sultan, not local governors
Iberian Peninsula – Habsburgs (1270 1492)
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