Lecture 19.pdf

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16 Apr 2012
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Key Terms 11-09-19 10:13 AM
People
Martin Luther (1483 – 1546)
Ignatius Loyola (1491 – 1556)
Guru Nanak (1469 – 1539)
Akbar (r. 1556 – 1605)
Concepts
95 Theses
reformation
Catholic Reformation
Jesuits
Confessionalization
The “Divine Faith”
Cuius region, eius religio: Whatever is the religion of the ruler, is the religion
of the realm. Carried out in protestant Europe. Among subjects, all should
accept religion. Problem when king wanted to convert.
Themes
Globalizing religions
How religion was a force that promoted globalization & greater
interactions
Was religious transformations in the early modern world unique?
More global, involved, and influenced with one another?
Different ways Christianity was accepted and used around the
world, and at different times
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Globalizing Religions 11-09-19 10:13 AM
Scholars Gather at Akbar’s Court – 1605 (Image)
India/Pakistan
Clear evidence of discussion
Affluent surroundings – indication of wealthy people
Different religious traditions – unity/uniformity
Theologians representing different ideas/religions
Dispute in Image
o Clothing: different styles
Idea that by talking to other people we could get new ideas
Location: palace, Court of Akbar
o Because it’s his place, he’s the arbiter of the discussion,
decider of the outcome of this debate
o In his court, he’s the one in control
o Supported by many Muslims even before Akbar
In the image, there are books in front of the scholars
o The variety of religious holy texts that ach scholar brought
with them
o Bible, new testament, Quran, etc.
o Held special status with people of Islam
o As long as one had a belief they were protected to the right to
practice their religion freely
Muslims were open to the existence, not a threat to their own
religion
Understood the possibility of learning from scholars with different
beliefs
people could travel as one political unit
Akbar – control freak, tried to create own religion
Felipe Bigarny – 1475 1542
Public event of people converting to Christianity
Symbol of Muslim tragedy of loss of religion
Decline of Islamic rule
Sign of pride for Christians
Powerful political tool in hands of certain rulers
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