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Key Terms 11-09-19 10:13 AM
Martin Luther (1483 – 1546)
Ignatius Loyola (1491 – 1556)
Guru Nanak (1469 – 1539)
Akbar (r. 1556 – 1605)
The “Divine Faith”
Cuius region, eius religio: Whatever is the religion of the ruler, is the religion
of the realm. Carried out in protestant Europe. Among subjects, all should
accept religion. Problem when king wanted to convert.
• How religion was a force that promoted globalization & greater
Was religious transformations in the early modern world unique?
• More global, involved, and influenced with one another?
• Different ways Christianity was accepted and used around the
world, and at different times
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Globalizing Religions 11-09-19 10:13 AM
Scholars Gather at Akbar’s Court – 1605 (Image)
• Clear evidence of discussion
• Affluent surroundings – indication of wealthy people
• Different religious traditions – unity/uniformity
• Theologians representing different ideas/religions
• Dispute in Image
o Clothing: different styles
• Idea that by talking to other people we could get new ideas
• Location: palace, Court of Akbar
o Because it’s his place, he’s the arbiter of the discussion,
decider of the outcome of this debate
o In his court, he’s the one in control
o Supported by many Muslims even before Akbar
• In the image, there are books in front of the scholars
o The variety of religious holy texts that ach scholar brought
o Bible, new testament, Quran, etc.
o Held special status with people of Islam
o As long as one had a belief they were protected to the right to
practice their religion freely
• Muslims were open to the existence, not a threat to their own
• Understood the possibility of learning from scholars with different
• people could travel as one political unit
• Akbar – control freak, tried to create own religion
Felipe Bigarny – 1475 – 1542
• Public event of people converting to Christianity
• Symbol of Muslim tragedy of loss of religion
• Decline of Islamic rule
• Sign of pride for Christians
• Powerful political tool in hands of certain rulers
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