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HISB40H3 Lecture Notes - Lower Canada, Joseph Howe, Bicameralism

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C Cole

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HISB40- lecture 8
The Confederation Era- Part 2
Major Causal Factors:
o Fear of the U.S
o Internal problems- political and economical
o Desire for expansion- growth and make more $$
Opportunity to grow into Hudson’s Bay territory
Reach the economic systems
Opportunity for the empire to grow- push towards confederation
Canadian delegation crashed a party
Quebec Conference, October 1864
All the delegates present had general agreements
Fundamental differences:
o Wanted federation
o Structure allow them sovereignty
o Empower to pass law
o Central seeds of government
o Localized seeds of government
o Ho w centralized would it be?
Central legislature
No requirement of standardized language and currency
Nation maintain a high degree of localized sovereignty
Macdonald favoured centralism
o Central, strongly empowered government
o Commented on the central war
Maritimes and Lower Canada afraid of losing autonomy
o Fear of losing to the majority (Anglophones)
Cartier offered to compromise
o Wanted strong physical powers at the government
Education, language, civil rights, property rights (provincial levels)
Provinces: Culture
Federal: Economic
o Didn’t agree with Cartier
o Legislative union of disguise
o Empower was the rule in the
Bicameral legislature- 2 hands/bodies
o Lower house: rep by population
o Upper house: regional
o based on class
inherit positions through father
But, how to provide it?
o Regionally
o 24 Maritimes
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