HISB40H3 Lecture Notes - Bering Strait, Walled Villages Of Hong Kong, Sailing Ship

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1 Dec 2011
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Americas and only mention natives briefly: columbus 2nd to discover- vikings were here first, canadian history did not begin in 1492 but began with the aboriginals, 15000-10 000 years ago first inhabitants, origins were unclear. Argue that they have always been here. Iroquois claim their ancestors fell through a hole in the sky onto a turtle. Lived south of georgian bay and south of lake ontario. Land was less harsh- therefore less nomadic: relied on agriculture for survival, native women did most of this farming and had most of the. Ontario"s first farmers power in their society: elderly women elected chiefs of the band, had power over matters of war and peace, matriarchal society. Lived a more settled lifestyle based on farming. Lived in longhouses- contained 6-8 families (barrack like: within walled villages that contained 2000 people or more, stable food supply meant that they were more numerous- had food to sustain a larger population, higher degree of political organization.

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