Class Notes (923,486)
CA (543,255)
UTSC (33,026)
History (740)
HISB41H3 (45)
Lecture

lecture 3

6 Pages
75 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HISB41H3
Professor
C Pennington

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Lecture 3
January-24-11
1:55 PM
The Borden Era and the First World War 1911-20
Announcement - Wednesday - Passchendale movie viewing
Assignment due - jan 31st
Conscription crisis - 1917
Terrible loss of life in war - tragedy - thing he can never get right is it was a needless war
Not true people died for freedom - WWII they were fighting for freedom - WWI was just about
empires fighting for territory - we remember it as fight for democracy - but we have to pretend that
that was what it was about - no other option
60k dead Canadians
Sir Robert Borden - picture
Defeats Laurier 1911 - becomes PM languishing in opposition
He was intelligent, successful, hardworking person - grew up on a farm
Trained in law - he was successful prosperous citizen - felt he should get involved - so he got
involved in politics - he didn’t enjoy it - felt obligated
He wasnt a good speaker - didn’t have easy personal relations with colleagues - but he was the
best man - respected by conservative power - became leader in 1901-20
He was not that savvy
He didn’t govern in consensus
But he had integrity
People thought he was good looking - Egyptian god
He did not lead in distinguished way
Fair to say - he was unprepared for the outbreak of war in summer of 1914
He was vacationing in muskoka
Outbreak of First World War
Triple alliance - germany, austria hungary and italy - chose not to fight once war broke out -
ottoman empire replaced it - today modern day turkey
Triple Entente - it was a looser term - Britain, France, Russia - Tsar - cruel and authoritarian
Triggering event - assassination of Franz Ferdinand - heir to the throne of Austria Hungary - killed
by serbian nationalist - in serbia - uneasy relation with A.H - A.H govt upset - issued ultimatum -
ordered them to surrender their sovereignty - in compensation for the assassination
Serbia caved in - but not good enough - AH wanted to assert its authority - had the backing of
Germany
Serbia had a big brother in Russia
Russia had alliance with France - If Russia went to war with AH it would involve france
French alliance with Britain
Germany welcomed war - it had battle plan - made war inevitable - Schlieffen Plan - it prepared
germany for war on two fronts - west and east - crush through France - once they are conquered
- turn around and meet Russians - who were notoriously very slow - it was backward - didn’t want
to be in a two front war at once
Meant if germany was to be involved in war with russia - they needed to attack france
Alliance system inched towards war
Canada and the start of war
www.notesolution.com
July 1914
Canada drawn in by Britain - Automatic entry in the war
They were a colony of Britain - Britain went to war so Canada did not have a choice - all of British
Empire
Most Canadians would have supported the war - especially in English Canada - there hadn't been
a war for a long time - it was seen as necessary from time to time - sense of courage
In Canada - there was little opposition - some in french canada
Borden noted in diary - some PM's have interesting diaries - Bordens - was very matter of fact -
today it is hot -
Borden didn’t get cheered on street - he wasnt charismatic - even Gandhi supported the war
Laurier - leader of opposition - leader of opposition??? - said when the call comes - ready aye
ready -
Most canadians thought it was going to be over quickly - short and decision - 1871 war just lasted
one week won by Germans
Some felt if they didn’t get there in time they would miss all the fun
British asked for 25k canadian soldiers - they got more than 30k - all voluntary - in the service of
the Canadian Expeditionary Force CEF - Sir Sam Hughes - minister of Canadian militia picture
Recruiting posters for WWI Pictures
French soldiers dressed differently than everyone else - bc of red hats and pants
Posters got more serious later on - more of a guilt trip
British poster - Daddy, what did you do in the Great War
Remember we must feed daddy too
Increasingly sensationalist material against germans as war progressed - but they were fighting
on the same side of Russia
Kultur vs. Humanity - implication that Germans are not human
What should give you pause - we are normally conditioned by film to think of macho characters
Billy Bishop - picture - anonymous recruits picture
Young kids fighting in the trenches - could have been 15 or younger
The Western Front 1914-1918
You had to be 5'3", male, white - it was a white man's war
French Canadians not particular welcome
18-45
Signed up for one yr of service or longer
Made 1.10 a day
Had to carry pack - 90 pounds - rifle, ammo etc
When Canadians got overseas - Canadians fought in the trenches
Military weaponry had advanced - machining in the open not good practice - change - invention in
the machine gun end of 19th century
Douglas Haige - general of war - thought it was over rated - it was not - could devastate entire
battalion in minutes
Fall of 1914 - drastic causalities - modern tech with old techniques - so everyone played defence
Across Belgium and France - germans dug in first - occupied high ground - invested more money
No mans land - picture
In early part of war - no helmets - only in 1916 were they equipped with helmets
Trenches very difficult places to live in - always wet and always cold
A couple of feet of water - 10-12 feet deep - constantly caved in by shelling
Three sets of trenches - frontline - most danger - just sit and wait - 10-12 feet so safe from sniper
- but vulnerable to shelling - half of canadian deaths - were by shelling
Reserve trench - third trench at the back - you would rotate through them
Furthest trench - you get some leave - may go into city
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Lecture 3 January-24-11 1:55 PM The Borden Era and the First World War 1911-20 Announcement - Wednesday - Passchendale movie viewing Assignment due - jan 31st Conscription crisis - 1917 Terrible loss of life in war - tragedy - thing he can never get right is it was a needless war Not true people died for freedom - WWII they were fighting for freedom - WWI was just about empires fighting for territory - we remember it as fight for democracy - but we have to pretend that that was what it was about - no other option 60k dead Canadians Sir Robert Borden - picture Defeats Laurier 1911 - becomes PM languishing in opposition He was intelligent, successful, hardworking person - grew up on a farm Trained in law - he was successful prosperous citizen - felt he should get involved - so he got involved in politics - he didnt enjoy it - felt obligated He wasnt a good speaker - didnt have easy personal relations with colleagues - but he was the best man - respected by conservative power - became leader in 1901-20 He was not that savvy He didnt govern in consensus But he had integrity People thought he was good looking - Egyptian god He did not lead in distinguished way Fair to say - he was unprepared for the outbreak of war in summer of 1914 He was vacationing in muskoka Outbreak of First World War Triple alliance - germany, austria hungary and italy - chose not to fight once war broke out - ottoman empire replaced it - today modern day turkey Triple Entente - it was a looser term - Britain, France, Russia - Tsar - cruel and authoritarian Triggering event - assassination of Franz Ferdinand - heir to the throne of Austria Hungary - killed by serbian nationalist - in serbia - uneasy relation with A.H - A.H govt upset - issued ultimatum - ordered them to surrender their sovereignty - in compensation for the assassination Serbia caved in - but not good enough - AH wanted to assert its authority - had the backing of Germany Serbia had a big brother in Russia Russia had alliance with France - If Russia went to war with AH it would involve france French alliance with Britain Germany welcomed war - it had battle plan - made war inevitable - Schlieffen Plan - it prepared germany for war on two fronts - west and east - crush through France - once they are conquered - turn around and meet Russians - who were notoriously very slow - it was backward - didnt want to be in a two front war at once Meant if germany was to be involved in war with russia - they needed to attack france Alliance system inched towards war Canada and the start of war www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit