HISB41H3 Lecture Notes - Japanese Canadians, 1941 Committee, Appeasement

34 views6 pages
Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
History
Course
HISB41H3
HISB41 Lecture February 25th
World War 2
Canada enters the war
Growth of isolationist policies Canada taking policies from the US
Growth of communism and fascism during 20s and 30s
Fascist ideas originated in Italy modified to fit context of countries such as Germany It
developed into a distinct form of fascism- national socialism Nazism
Nazis wanted to create German homeland did this by annexing other countries Austria then
Poland 1939 starts WW2
First response to Germans was Appeasement Allies are anxious to avoid engaging in another
war Idea behind appeasement was to keep the peace avoid conflict
After Poland is annexed appeasement is no longer an option 1939 Britain is first enters the
war
WW1 As soon as Brits entered the war Canada is automatically in vs. WW2 Canada has option
Canada soon entered after Britain there was really no chance Canada wouldn‟t, to exercise
autonomy Canada waits a week after Britain to declare war important/symbolic move to
exercise autonomy
National resources mobilization act put into place mobilizes soldiers for home defense
Canada‟s contribution over the course of the war over 1 million Canadians serving the war
big commitment considering size of population
Canadian men enter the war a lot of the same motivating factors as WW1 exercising their
duty as a Canadian social pressures from local and federal level fighting for democracy &
freedom same religious and social rhetoric as WW1 Canada is just coming out of the
depression, this was a motive/way to get jobs and higher wages Wartime economy booms
1941- Hitler had succeeded in taking over almost all of Western Europe
Fall of France- Canada becomes a strong ally to Britain
Canada had a very small army when WW2 started, Canada offers economic support during
WW2 - $3 billion in mutual aid agreements Canada was able to put that money into
productions that would happen in Canada- munitions manufacturing central Canada being a
huge boost for the economy change from depression era
Canada decides to fund British Commonwealth air training British pilots could train Canadian
pilots to create an air force eventually these pilots would become part of a Canadian force
Royal Canadian navy employed men and women had responsibility of defending convoys of
troops and supplies (mainly British) was dangerous- bad weather and constant fear of attack
from U-boats
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Navy took part in Normandy invasion of June 1944- mass casualties- Canadian troops managed
to secure German held beach
Allied raid of Dieppe Aug 1942 described as a complete disaster 60% of Cdn troops killed
Invasion of Italy in 1943- King pressured Churchill to allow Cdns to run the mission High
casualties moling going from house to house
US enters WW2 after bombing of Pearl Harbour Canada takes the backseat US becomes
Britain‟s primary ally
King argues for Cdn control of food production and distribution of soldiers abroad
Issue of conscription is raised once again King takes cautious measures- holds a nationwide
plebiscite asks Canadians if we should enforce conscription 80% eng cdns in favour vs. 27%
of French cdns in favour He‟s able to delay conscription for as long as possible up to Nov of
1944 avoids crisis that happened in WW1
Wartime economy
Government intervention, inflation and control of the economy is amplified during WW2
increase in govt activity in the economy and increased government spending during WW2
Government takes a heavier hand in regulating the economy- sweeping powers on war
manufacturing/goods of the war
King brings controlled wages, control over pricing, done by appealing to Canadian patriotism-
asks everyone to buy victory bonds, way of putting billions of dollars back to Govt- spending
money for the wartime economy
During WW1 unmarried women had entered the workforce to make up lack of labour, same
thing happens in WW2 but in higher numbers- retail sales, teachers, factory workers we also
see many married women entering the workforce (significant difference from WW1)
A lot less married women enter the workforce in French Canada pressure from the church to
maintain gender roles
Women had a significant domestic role on the home front- rationing, taking advantage of black
market goods, gardening to supply their families with fresh food- schemes to collect materials
like scrap metal to contribute to war
Women entering the Canadian forces during WW2 women in the military force referred to as
Jill Canucks- Canadian military army Corps eventually incorporated in the Cdn army in 1942
Many posters and advertisements targeted women to enter the military force also promoting
women in the home
Toward Federal Supremacy:
By controlling the economy, Govt is able to control inflation which had a devastating effect in
WW1, by being more actively involved in the economy and censoring speech and creating
positive images of war effort
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Growth of isolationist policies canada taking policies from the us. Growth of communism and fascism during 20s and 30s. Fascist ideas originated in italy modified to fit context of countries such as germany it developed into a distinct form of fascism- national socialism nazism. Nazis wanted to create german homeland did this by annexing other countries austria then. First response to germans was appeasement allies are anxious to avoid engaging in another war idea behind appeasement was to keep the peace avoid conflict. After poland is annexed appeasement is no longer an option 1939 britain is first enters the war. Ww1 as soon as brits entered the war canada is automatically in vs. ww2 canada has option. Canada soon entered after britain there was really no chance canada wouldn t, to exercise autonomy canada waits a week after britain to declare war important/symbolic move to exercise autonomy. National resources mobilization act put into place mobilizes soldiers for home defense.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.