History Lec#3 Jan.11/10
After Thompson’s death, many expected the Governor General, Lord Aberdeen,
to invite Tupper to return to Canada to become the prime minister. However, the
governor general disliked Tupper and asked the most senior Cabinet minister
Mackenzie who should be the next prime minister. Mackenzie mistakenly thought the
Governor General ask him to become the next prime minister and happily accepted
As the PM of Canada, Mackenzie also faced the Manitoba Schools Question. The
issue had divided the country, the government, even Bowell’s Cabinet.
Because of Bowell’s inability, his Cabinet decided he was incompetent to lead.
Seven of the ministers resigned in order to force him step down. Although Bowell
called them “a nest of traitors”, he was agreed to step down.
Then, Tupper had been recalled to replace Bowell.
*Sir Charles Tupper* (6th PM of Canada)
[Tupper was the Canadian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He served the
shortest term in office(69 days) ]
The major problem facing Tupper is also the Manitoba School question, which
had also bitterly divided the conservative party.
On Jan 15th ,Tupper became the Secretary of State for Canada with the
understanding that he would become the PM following the dissolution of the 7th
On Feb 4, 1896, Tupper was elected to the 7th Canadian Parliament as the de
facto, prime minister. However, legally Bowell was still the PM.
On the Manitoba School’s Question, Tupper’s position was that French Catholics
had been promised the right to separate state-funded French-language Catholic
schools in the Manitoba Act of 1870. Even though he was personally opposed of this
act, but he think the Canadian government should keep the promises. Therefore, he
opposed McCarthy’s Manitoba Schools Act. He maintained his position even when
the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council supported the Schools Act.
In 1895, JCPC ruled that the Canadian federal government could pass remedial
legislation to overrule the Manitoba Schools Act. Thus, in 1896, Tupper introduced
remedial legislation in the House of Commons. The bill was filibustered(??) by
McCarthy and Wilfrid which resulted in abandon and dissolution.
Wilfrid felt supporting the legislation would be a bad back lash on the French.
Therefore, he answered “sunny ways” which means if we blow wind people will put
their clothes closer to them, but if we put out the sun, people will took off their
Throughout the 1896 election campaign, Tupper argued that real issue of the
election was the future of Canadian industry. But, the Conservatives was bitterly
divided over the Manitoba Schools Question that wherever he spoke, he was faced
The election was centered on the Schools Question. The Liberals took advantage
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