CANADIAN HISTORY SINCE 1885 William Lyon McKenzie.docx
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CANADIAN HISTORY SINCE 1885: The silent Twenties:
Old Party Politics and Constitutional Crisis
Not a lot happening
The decline of progressivism
Virtual disappearance of idealism (social reformers)
Creation of a more moral environment (progressivism)
1920’s have failed quickly: Fatigue!
Canadians were tired of progressivism
(1) The War (a war against anti-progressivism)
- Most Canadians wanted to relax!
- Enjoy many inventions (radio, cars, and movies)
(2) Dissolusement of WWI (Many Canadians lost faith
during the war).
- Severe post-war recession
- English-French tensions
- Idealism was a shame!
Rapidly loss of members (WCTV, National Council of
Ultimate failure of:
(1) Prohibition (Canadians found ways to obtain alcohol) [Boot-leguers], or family
doctor (medicinal purposes.
Moralism and patriotism (pre-war)
Many provincial referenda were held and alcohol was again sold to the public under
government control (LCBO)
1930’s Prince Edward Island (last province)
(2) Women’s suffrage: 1920 most women had to right to vote in all provinces except
Tremendous hope for women to enter politics
Very few women entered politics (One female MP and just few women were elected
to provincial parliament).
Women did not voted for gender instead for idealism
Canadians wanted to have fun!
OLD PARTY POLITICS: Liberal vs. Conservatives
Mackenzie King became a leader of the Liberal Party in 1919
Refused to joined the Borden union
People saw him as a reformer
Public health insurance, “industry and humanity” => make the capitalist country more
His mission was to unite all races, regions, cultures under the Liberal Party
National Unity (theme)
Conciliatory (he was a conciliator)
National Council of Women
Industry and Humanity