CANADIAN HISTORY SINCE 1885 William Lyon McKenzie.docx

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2 Apr 2012
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CANADIAN HISTORY SINCE 1885: The silent Twenties:
Old Party Politics and Constitutional Crisis
Not a lot happening
Politics (boring)
The decline of progressivism
Virtual disappearance of idealism (social reformers)
Creation of a more moral environment (progressivism)
1920’s have failed quickly: Fatigue!
Canadians were tired of progressivism
(1) The War (a war against anti-progressivism)
- Most Canadians wanted to relax!
- Enjoy many inventions (radio, cars, and movies)
(2) Dissolusement of WWI (Many Canadians lost faith
during the war).
- Severe post-war recession
- English-French tensions
- Idealism was a shame!
Rapidly loss of members (WCTV, National Council of
Women)
Ultimate failure of:
(1) Prohibition (Canadians found ways to obtain alcohol) [Boot-leguers], or family
doctor (medicinal purposes.
Moralism and patriotism (pre-war)
Many provincial referenda were held and alcohol was again sold to the public under
government control (LCBO)
1930’s Prince Edward Island (last province)
(2) Women’s suffrage: 1920 most women had to right to vote in all provinces except
Quebec.
Tremendous hope for women to enter politics
Very few women entered politics (One female MP and just few women were elected
to provincial parliament).
Women did not voted for gender instead for idealism
Canadians wanted to have fun!
OLD PARTY POLITICS: Liberal vs. Conservatives
Mackenzie King became a leader of the Liberal Party in 1919
Refused to joined the Borden union
People saw him as a reformer
Public health insurance, “industry and humanity” => make the capitalist country more
humane.
His mission was to unite all races, regions, cultures under the Liberal Party
National Unity (theme)
Conciliatory (he was a conciliator)
KEY TERMS:
“Normalcy”
WCTV
National Council of Women
Speakeasies
Mothers alloviances
Industry and Humanity
Conciliatory
A. Meighen
Hedonistic
Boot leggers
Mackenzie King
Consure
Dissolution
Partisanship
“Acting ministers”
Charlatan
Ginger group
Maternal feminist
Stagnant
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