Working Women, Working Men

27 views3 pages
2 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor
Canadian History since 1885 January 16th, 2011
- dale.barbour@utoronto.ca (TA)
Working Men, Working Women
From a rural to urban country
(1)
Resource based economy
Extracting raw materials (lumber workers)
20% other economic (services, manufacturing)
Manufacturing (craft-oriented) [1 or 2 master-craftsmen]
Hired general workers (family members) => tools, boots, barrels, horse-shoes (hand-
made objects).
Took pride in their work (hand-made)
Man of prestige in their community
Stonemason (McKenzie)
The rise of steel and mill
SERVICE Sector:
Only a small proportion “Office clerks, doctors, lawyers”
Many merchants, wholesalers, retailers.
(2) The industrial and commercial revolution:
Industrialization: small farms=> large factories
More mechanized, stem power machinery
Control over the production: from worker to management
Rise to the factory system
Transformation of the service factor.
More factories=> more transportation
More railroads, more ships, banks, insure companies, architectures.
More jobs in the “white collar” sector
More retail rector (outlets=> department stores)
Eaton’s, The Hudson’s Bay, The Simpsons
1944 (Eaton’s Catalog) “Rural Bible”
(3) Impact of Urban-Industrialism on the Working
Pre-Industrialization (No working class) (Family owned business)
Created the Working Class
Machines: Hard-work
Rise of factories produced a semi-skilled workers
Wages: Average wages were better than Pre-Industrialization + better working hours
Increase of productivity = More income
Year-around work (not seasonal)
Many unskilled workers became semi-skilled workers
Mechanization made construction better
Key Words:
- Tanneries
-Artisan
-Factory Acts
-The Ward
Scientific Management
-Fred Taylor (taylorism)
- Family economy
- Putting out
- Stenographer
- Pink collar
- Piece rates
- Semi-skilled
- Garment Subcontract
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.